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تأثیر سطوح مختلف ویتامین A جیره‌ای بر فراسنجه‌های تولیدمثلی و تولیدی در بلدرچین ژاپنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان، ملاثانی، اهواز، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان، ملاثانی، اهواز، ایران

3 مربی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان، ملاثانی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، بررسی و ارزیابی تأثیر پنج سطح 0، 4۰۰۰، 8۰۰۰، 16۰۰۰ و 32۰۰۰ واحد بین‌المللی ویتامین A در کیلوگرم جیره بر عملکرد تولیدمثلی و تولیدی در بلدرچین ژاپنی بود. شمار ۳۲۰ قطعه بلدرچین ژاپنی بالغ در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی با پنج تیمار، چهار تکرار و شمار شانزده قطعه بلدرچین در هر تکرار (دوازده قطعه ماده و چهار قطعه نر) به مدت 42 روز استفاده شدند. درصد تولید تخم و وزن تخم­های تولیدی به‌صورت هفتگی ثبت و میانگین آن برای کل دوره به دست آمد. دو هفته پس از تغذیۀ جیره‌های آزمایشی، وزن خوراک مصرفی بلدرچین­ها به‌منظور تعیین میزان مصرف غذای روزانه و ضریب تبدیل غذایی اندازه­گیری و در نهایت برای کل دوره منظور شد. در پایان دوره، از هر تکرار پنج تخم به‌طور تصادفی انتخاب و صفات کیفی آن بررسی شد. همچنین، چهل عدد تخم بلدرچین گردآوری‌شده از هر تکرار برای ارزیابی فراسنجه­های تولیدمثلی به دستگاه جوجه‌کشی انتقال یافتند. سطوح مختلف ویتامین A در جیرۀ بلدرچین ژاپنی، بر میزان خوراک مصرفی، درصد تولید تخم، وزن و شاخص­های کیفی تخم تأثیر معنی‌داری نداشتند (05/0<P). میزان باروری، جوجه درآوری، هدررفت رویانی و وزن جوجه­های تفریخ‌شده تحت تأثیر سطوح مختلف ویتامین A جیره قرار نگرفتند (05/0<P).کمترین میزان ضریب تبدیل غذایی متعلق به سطح 32000 واحد بین­المللی ویتامین A بود (05/0<P).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different levels of dietary vitamin A on reproductive and productive parameters in Japanese quail

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoumeh Davodzadeh 1
  • Saleh Tabatabaei Vakili 2
  • Khalil Mirzadeh 2
  • Ali Aghaei 3
1 M.Sc. Student, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Instructor, Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of five levels of vitamin A including 0, 4,000, 8,000, 16,000 and 32,000 international units per kilogram of diet on productive and reproductive parameters in Japanese quail. 320 adult Japanese quails were used in a complete randomized block design with 5 treatments, 4 replicates and 16 quails (12 female and 4 male) in each replicate for 42 days. Percentage of egg production and egg weight were recorded weekly and their mean were calculated for total period of experiment. After two weeks of experiment, food intake weight was measured to determine the daily food intake amount and food conversion ratio and was extended for total period. At the end of experiment, 5 eggs of each replicate were randomly selected for evaluate egg quality parameters, and also, 40 eggs from each replicate were incubated for evaluation the reproductive parameters. The different levels of vitamin A in diet had no significant effect on food intake, egg production rate, weight and quality parameters of eggs (P > 0.05). Fertility, hatchability, and embryonic mortality rates as well as hatched chick weight were not affected by different levels of dietary vitamin A (P>0.05). The lowest food conversion ratio was observed in 32000 IU/kg of vitamin A (P<0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • egg quality
  • fertility
  • hatchability
  • Japanese quail
  • vitamin A
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