نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم‌آباد، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم‌آباد، ایران

3 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش جهاد کشاورزی استان لرستان، خرم‌آباد، ایران

4 استادیارگروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

چکیده

این آزمایش به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر رنگ‌دانه آلگاسان بر عملکرد و کیفیت گوشت بلدرچین با چهار تیمار، سه تکرار و 17 جوجه در هر تکرار، در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی انجام گرفت. جیره­های آزمایشی شامل 1- جیره پایه (شاهد)، 2- جیره پایه + 1/0 درصد پودر آلگاسان، 3- جیره پایه + 2/0 درصد پودر آلگاسان و 4- جیره پایه + 3/0 درصد پودر آلگاسان بودند. علاوه بر اندازه­گیری میانگین افزایش وزن بدن، ضریب تبدیل خوراک، وزن زنده، وزن لاشه، بازده لاشه، در 38 روزگی، برای بررسی کیفیت گوشت، دو قطعه بلدرچین نر به‌صورت تصادفی از هر تکرار (شش پرنده در هر تیمار) انتخاب و کشتار شدند. داده‌های حاصل با نرم‌افزار SAS آنالیز و میانگین­ها با آزمون دانکن مقایسه شدند. اثر سطوح مختلف رنگ‌دانه در جیره بلدرچین‌ها، بر میانگین افزایش وزن بدن، مقدار خوراک مصرفی، ضریب تبدیل خوراک و وزن زنده، معنی‌دار نبود. اما در مقایسه با سایر تیمارها، بیشترین وزن لاشه در تیمار 1/0 درصد (33/118 گرم)، بالاترین بازده لاشه در تیمار 3/0 درصد (36/73 درصد)، بیشترین تراکم نوری در تیمار 1/0 درصد (029/2، 268/1 و 249/2 درصد) و بیشترین ظرفیت نگهداری آب در تیمار 3/0 درصد (720/4) آلگاسان مشاهده شد (05/0P≤). کمترین مقدار pH گوشت، درصد افت خونابه و درصد افت وزنی پس از پخت را به ترتیب تیمارهای شاهد (342/6)، 2/0 درصد (055/13 درصد) و 3/0 درصد (985/19 درصد) آلگاسان نشان دادند (05/0P≤). در مجموع، این پژوهش نشان می­دهد که رنگ‌دانه آلگاسان می­تواند در بهبود احتمالی برخی فراسنجه­های عملکردی و کیفیت گوشت بلدرچین، مؤثر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of natural Algasan pigment on yield and quality of Japanese quail meat

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farhad Ahmadi 1
  • Seyyed Mojtaba Mousavi 2
  • Mohsen Mohammadi Saei 3
  • Babak Masoori 4

1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, ‎Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Agricultural Jihad Research and Training Center of Lorestan Province, Khorramabad, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran

چکیده [English]

To investigate the effect of different levels of Algasan pigment on the performance and meat quality of Ja[amease quail, 204 bird at day three of age, were randomly divided into four groups in three replications. Treatments included control diet (without pigment) or with 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3% (A1, A2, and A3) Algasan, respectively. In addition to recording performance data, at day 38 of age, two male quail were randomly selected from each exprimental unit to evaluate meat quality. Data were analyzed by SAS software and means were compared by Duncan test. The effect of different levels of pigment in quail diets on mean body weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, and live weight were not significant. But the highest carcass weight was observed in A1 treatment (118.33 g), the highest carcass yield in A3 treatment (73.36%), the highest light density in A1 treatment (2.029, 1.268, and 2.249%), and the highest water holding capacity in A3 treatment (4.720) (P≤0.05). The lowest meat pH, drip loss, and cooking loss showed in control (6.342), A2 (13.055%), and A3 (19.985%) treatments, respectively (P≤0.05). In general, Algasan pigment might be effective in improving some parameters of the performance and quality of quail meat.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Algae
  • Algasan pigment
  • Carcass
  • Japanease quail
  • Weight gain‎
  1. Abdelnour, S., Abd El-Hack, M., Arif, M., Khafaga, A., & Taha, A. (2019). The application of the microalgae Chlorella spp. as a supplement in broiler feed. World's Poultry Science Journal, 75, 305-318.
  2. Abudabos, A.M., Okab, A.B., Aljumaah, R.S., Samara, E.M., Abdoun, K.A., & Al-Haidary, A.A. (2013). Nutritional value of green seaweed (Ulva lactuca) for broiler chickens. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 12, e28. (in Farsi)
  3. Alagawany, M., Elnesr, S.S., & Farag, M. (2018). The role of exogenous enzymes in promoting growth and improving nutrient digestibility in poultry. Iranian journal of veterinary research, 19, 157.
  4. Alfaia, C., Pestana, J., Rodrigues, M., Coelho, D., Aires, M., Ribeiro, D., Major, V., Martins, C., Santos, H., & Lopes, P. (2020). Influence of dietary Chlorella vulgaris and carbohydrate-active enzymes on growth performance, meat quality and lipid composition of broiler chickens. Poultry Science.
  5. An, B.-K., Kim, K.-E., Jeon, J.-Y., & Lee, K.W. (2016). Effect of dried Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella growth factor on growth performance, meat qualities and humoral immune responses in broiler chickens. Springerplus, 5, 718.
  6. Armin, F., Rahimi, S., Abkenar, A.M., Ivari, Y.G., & Ebrahimi, H. (2015). Effect of Sargassum and vitamin E on stability of fish oil enriched meat in broiler chickens. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 5.
  7. Baltazar, M.T., Dinis-Oliveira, R.J., Martins, A., de Lourdes Bastos, M., Duarte, J.A., Guilhermino, L., & Carvalho, F. (2014). Lysine acetylsalicylate increases the safety of a paraquat formulation to freshwater primary producers: a case study with the microalga Chlorella vulgaris. Aquatic Toxicology, 146, 137-143.
  8. Becker, E.W. (2007). Micro-algae as a source of protein. Biotechnology advances, 25, 207-210.
  9. Beheshti Rooy, S., Ziaei, N., Ghoreishi, S., & Ganjian Khenari, A. (2018). Comparison of the effect of different levels of Scenedesmus sp. microalgae on growth, immune response, carcass traits, and some blood parameters of broiler chickens. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 20(6), 1115-1126.
  10. Bharath, N., Chinnipreetam, V., Reddy, V.R., & Panda, A. (2017). Effect of Omega-3 fatty acids enrichment on performance and carcass traits of broiler chicken. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 51, 489-494.
  11. Carrillo, S., López, E., Casas, M., Avila, E., Castillo, R., Carranco, M., Calvo, C., & Pérez-Gil, F. (2008). Potential use of seaweeds in the laying hen ration to improve the quality of n-3 fatty acid enriched eggs. In: Nineteenth International Seaweed Symposium, 271-278.
  12. Castaneda, M., Hirschler, E., & Sams, A. (2005). Skin pigmentation evaluation in broilers fed natural and synthetic pigments. Poultry Science, 84, 143-147.
  13. Castellini, C., Mugnai, C., & Dal Bosco, A. (2002). Effect of organic production system on broiler carcass and meat quality. Meat Science, 60(3), 219-225.
  14. Choi, H., Jung, S., Kim, J., Kim, K., Oh, K., Lee, P., & Byun, S. (2017). Effects of dietary recombinant chlorella supplementation on growth performance, meat quality, blood characteristics, excreta microflora, and nutrient digestibility in broilers. Poultry Science, 96, 710-716.
  15. Christensen, L.B. (2003). Drip loss sampling in porcine m. longissimus dorsi. Meat Science 63, 469-477.
  16. De Lange, C. (2000). Overview of determinants of the nutritional value of feed ingredients. Feed evaluation: principles and practice, 17-32.
  17. Du, H., Liu, H., Yang, G., Yu, C., & Wang, S. (2019). Effects of Enteromorpha prolifera polysaccharide on intestinal digestive enzyme activity, microbial number and nutrient apparent utilization of broilers. Chin. Journal Animal Nutrition, 31, 956-961.
  18. El-Bahr, S., Shousha, S., Shehab, A., Khattab, W., Ahmed-Farid, O., Sabike, I., El-Garhy, O., Albokhadaim, I., & Albosadah, K. (2020). Effect of dietary microalgae on growth performance, profiles of amino and fatty acids, antioxidant status, and meat quality of broiler chickens. Animals, 10, 761.
  19. Fan, X., Bai, L., Zhu, L., Yang, L., & Zhang, X. (2014). Marine algae-derived bioactive peptides for human nutrition and health. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 62, 9211-9222.
  20. Gholizadeh, F. (2018). The Effect of different levels of algae (Spirulina) on growth performance, intestinal morphology, gut microflora, carcass characteristics and some blood parameters in broiler chickens. Journal of Phycological Research, 2, 186-197.
  21. Givens, D.I., & Gibbs, R.A. (2008). Current intakes of EPA and DHA in European populations and the potential of animal-derived foods to increase them: Symposium on ‘How can the n-3 content of the diet be improved?’. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67, 273-280.
  22. Guillaume, J., Kaushik, S., Bergot, P., & Metailler, R. (2001). Nutrition and feeding of fish and crustaceans. Springer Science & Business Media.
  23. Jang, A., Liu, X.-D., Shin, M.-H., Lee, B.-D., Lee, S.-K., Lee, J.-H., & Jo, C. (2008). Antioxidative potential of raw breast meat from broiler chicks fed a dietary medicinal herb extract mix. Poultry Science, 87, 2382-2389.
  24. Kadim, I., Mahgoub, O., & Purchas, R. (2008). A review of the growth, and of the carcass and meat quality characteristics of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedaries). Meat Science, 80, 555-569.
  25. Khademipoor, N., Nasehi, B., & Tahanejad, M. (2017). Investigation of diet enriched with medicinal herbs on the sensorial, microbial and shelf-life characteristics of the Japanese quail meat. Iranian Journal of Food Science and Technology, 13(60), 1-10.  
  26. Levine, R., Horst, G., Tonda, R., Lumpkins, B., & Mathis, G. (2018). Evaluation of the effects of feeding dried algae containing beta-1, 3-glucan on broilers challenged with Eimeria. Poultry Science, 97, 3494-3500.
  27. Long, S., Kang, S., Wang, Q., Xu, Y., Pan, L., Hu, J., Li, M., & Piao, X. (2018). Dietary supplementation with DHA-rich microalgae improves performance, serum composition, carcass trait, antioxidant status, and fatty acid profile of broilers. Poultry Science, 97, 1881-1890.
  28. Maoka, T. (2020). Carotenoids as natural functional pigments. Journal of Natural Medicines, 74, 1-16.
  29. Matshogo, T.B., Mnisi, C.M., & Mlambo, V. (2020). Dietary green seaweed compromises overall feed conversion efficiency but not blood parameters and meat quality and stability in broiler chickens. Agriculture, 10, 547.
  30. Mazizi, E., Erlwanger, K.H., & Chivandi, E. (2020). The effect of dietary Marula nut meal on the physical properties, proximate and fatty acid content of Japanese quail meat. Veterinary and Animal Science, 9, 1000 96.
  31. Mühling, M., Belay, A., & Whitton, B.A. (2005). Variation in fatty acid composition of Arthrospira (Spirulina) strains. Journal of Applied Phycology, 17, 137-146.
  32. Nhlane, L.T., Mnisi, C.M., Mlambo, V., & Madibana, M.J. (2020). Nutrient digestibility, growth performance, and blood indices of Boschveld chickens fed seaweed-containing diets. Animals, 10, 1296.
  33. Oh, S.T., Zheng, L., Kwon, H., Choo, Y., Lee, K., Kang, C., & An, B.-K. (2015). Effects of dietary fermented Chlorella vulgaris (CBT®) on growth performance, relative organ weights, cecal microflora, tibia bone characteristics, and meat qualities in Pekin ducks. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 28, 95.
  34. Park, J., Lee, S., & Kim, I. (2018). Effect of dietary Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis on the growth performance, antioxidant enzyme activity, nutrient digestibility, cecal microflora, excreta noxious gas emission, and breast meat quality of broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 97, 2451-2459.
  35. Pearson, A., & Gillett, T. (1996). Meat cookery and cooked meat products, In: Processed Meats. Springer, 105-125.
  36. Petracci, M., & Berri, C. (2017). Poultry Quality Evaluation: Quality Attributes and Consumer Values. Woodhead Publishing.
  37. Pieniazek, J., Williams, M., Latham, R., Walters, H., Wickersham, T., Levine, R., Lebrun, J., Caldwell, D., & Lee, J. (2016). Evaluation of an algal beta-1, 3-glucan on broiler growth performance and immune response. International Journal of Poultry Science, 15, 201-210.
  38. Richard, D., Kefi, K., Barbe, U., Bausero, P., & Visioli, F. (2008). Polyunsaturated fatty acids as antioxidants. Pharmacological Research, 57, 451-455.
  39. Safi, C., Zebib, B., Merah, O., Pontalier, P.-Y., & Vaca-Garcia, C. (2014). Morphology, composition, production, processing and applications of Chlorella vulgaris: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 35, 265-278.
  40. Schmitz, G., & Ecker, J. (2008). The opposing effects of n− 3 and n− 6 fatty acids. Progress in lipid Research, 47, 147-155.
  41. Shakoori, M., Rezaei, M., & Chashnidel, Y. (2018). Effect of Microencapsulated of Spirulina (Spirulina platensis) Algae Powder on Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Intestinal Microflora of Broiler Chickens. Research On Animal Production (Scientific and Research), 9, 8-16.
  42. Tarladgis, B.G., Watts, B.M., Younathan, M.T., & Dugan Jr, L. (1960). A distillation method for the quantitative determination of malonaldehyde in rancid foods. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 37, 44-48.
  43. Zerehdaran, S., & Rasouli, Z. (2014). Genetic analysis of meat quality traits in Japanese quail. Journal of Animal Science Researches, 23, 1-13.
  44. Zhang, J., Hu, , Lu, C., Bai, K., Zhang, L., & Wang, T. (2015). Effect of various levels of dietary curcumin on meat quality and antioxidant profile of breast muscle in broilers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 63, 3880-3886.
  45. Zhu, W., Li, D., Wang, J., Wu, H., Xia, X., Bi, W., Guan, H., & Zhang, L. (2015). Effects of polymannuronate on performance, antioxidant capacity, immune status, cecal microflora, and volatile fatty acids in broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 94, 345-352.