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آثار استفاده از پودر جلبک اسپیرولینا پلاتنسیس ‏‎(Spirulina platensis)‎‏ در جیره بر عملکرد، کیفیت ‏تخم‌مرغ، فولیکول‌های تخمدانی و وضعیت سیستم ایمنی مرغ‌های تخم‌گذار سویه ‏LSL

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، واحد شهر قدس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، واحد شهر قدس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

10.22059/ijas.2021.314088.653810

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی آثار استفاده از سطوح مختلف (صفر، 3/0، 6/0 و 9/0 درصد جیره) پودر جلبک سبز-آبی (اسپیرولینا پلاتنسیس) بر عملکرد، کیفیت تخم‌مرغ، فراسنجه‌های تخمدانی و وضعیت سیستم ایمنی، از تعداد 192 قطعه مرغ تخم‌گذار سویه LSL در سن 26 تا 37 هفتگی، در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 4 تیمار و 4 تکرار (12 قطعه مرغ در هر تکرار) استفاده شد. افزودن جلبک به جیره، در کل دوره آزمایش اثری بر مقدار مصرف خوراک روزانه، ضریب تبدیل خوراک، درصد تخم‌مرغ­های شکسته و متوسط وزن تخم‌مرغ­ها نداشت (05/0P>). اما استفاده از سطوح 6/0 و 9/0 درصد پودر جلبک، درصد تولید تخم­مرغ را نسبت به سطح 3/0 درصد و استفاده از سطح 6/0 درصد پودر جلبک، توده تخم­مرغ تولیدی را نسبت به گروه شاهد افزایش داد (05/0P<). تیمارهای آزمایشی بر ضخامت، مقاومت و درصد پوسته، ارتفاع سفیده و واحد هاو اثر معنی­داری نداشتند، اما با افزایش سطح استفاده از جلبک، وزن پوسته و رنگ زرده افزایش یافت (05/0P<). تیمارهای آزمایشی اثری بر تعداد گلبول‌های سفید و قرمز، پلاکت‌ها، نسبت هتروفیل به لنفوسیت، غلظت هموگلوبین و نیز بر پاسخ ایمنی همورال علیه گلبول قرمز گوسفند و ایمنی سلولی در پاسخ به تزریق زیرپوستی فیتوهماگلوتینین نداشتند (05/0P>). تعیین عیار پادتن علیه ویروس نیوکاسل (در هفته‌های 35 و 37) نشان داد که سطوح 6/0 و 9/0 درصد جلبک در هفته 37، به‌طور معنی­داری عیار پادتن را نسبت به گروه شاهد افزایش دادند (05/0P<). تعداد فولیکول­های مختلف تخمدانی، وزن نسبی بورس فابریسیوس و طحال و لاشه تحت تأثیر تیمارهای آزمایشی قرار نگرفت. نتایج نشان داد که افزودن 6/0 درصد جلبک اسپیرولینا به جیره، سبب افزایش توده تخم­مرغ تولیدی، بهبود رنگ زرده تخم‌مرغ و بهبود پاسخ آنتی­بادی می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of dietary Spirulina platensis algae powder on performance, egg quality, ‎ovarian follicles and immune system in Lohmann LSL laying hens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Esmaeil Ahmadi Nia 1
  • Morteza Mehri 2
  • Fatemeh Shirmohammad 2
1 M.Sc. Graduate, Department of Animal Science, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different levels (0%, 0.3%, 0.6% and 0.9%) of blue-green algae (Spirulina platensis) on performance, egg quality, ovarian parameters and immune system of LSL laying hens at 26-37 wk. of age. One hundred and ninety-two hens were used in a completely randomized design with four treatments and four replications. The effect of algae on daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio, broken eggs percent and egg weight was not significant, but the egg mass improved using 0.6% algae compared with control group (P<0.05). Also, egg production of hens fed the diet with 0.6% and 0.9% Spirulina/kg were higher than treatment 2 (P<0.05). Eggshell breaking strength, eggshell relative weight, eggshell thickness, albumen height and haugh unit were not affected by treatments. However, increasing the dietary levels of Spirulina caused the improvements in eggshell weight and egg yolk color. None of the treatments had significant effects on white and red blood cells, platelets, heterophiles/lymphocytes ratio and concentration of hemoglobin. Dietary treatments did not have significant effects on humoral immunity against SRBC and cell mediated immunity response against PHA injection. But the treatments had a significant effect on the antibody titer in vaccinated birds against Newcastle. In addition, there were no influences of the experimental diets on ovarian different follicles, relative weight of bursa, spleen and carcass. In conclusion, inclusion of 0.6% Spirulina platensis algae in diet increased egg mass, egg yolk color and antibody titer against Newcastle vaccine.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • immunity system
  • Laying Hen
  • Algae
  • Spirulina platensis
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