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برآورد پارامترهای ژنتیکی صفات وزن بدن در دوره پایانی رشد و ایمنی همورال در بلدرچین ژاپنی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

4 استادیار پژوهشی، پژوهشکده دام‌های خاص، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

هدف مطالعه حاضر برآورد پارامترهای ژنتیکی صفات رشد در سنین پایانی (25 تا 45 روزگی) و پاسخ­های سیستم ایمنی همورال در بلدرچین ژاپنی بود. داده­های رشد (اوزان بدن (BW) در سنین 25، 30، 35، 40 و 45 روزگی و همچنین متوسط افزایش وزن بدن (ADG) در دوره­های 5 روزه) و پاسخ سیستم ایمنی (عیار آنتی‌بادی علیه SRBC (IgT) و واکسن نیوکاسل (IgN)) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. از تجزیه و تحلیل چند صفتی با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری گیبس به کمک نرم‌افزار Gibbsf90 برای برآورد پارامترهای ژنتیکی استفاده شد. دامنه وراثت­پذیری­های برای صفات BW و ADG به‌ترتیب 437/0-303/0 و 338/0- 053/0 بود. وراثت­پذیری برای صفات IgT و IgN نیز به‌ترتیب 252/0 و 015/0 برآورد شد. همبستگی ژنتیکی صفات رشد با پاسخ­های ایمنی منفی و از کم تا متوسط برآورد شد (218/0- تا 483/0-). با توجه به نتایج، انتخاب ژنتیکی برای صفات وزن بدن نسبت به صفات افزایش وزن و ایمنی می‌تواند پاسخ ژنتیکی بالاتری را در پی داشته باشد. در بین صفات وزن بدن، وزن 30 روزگی با توجه به همبستگی ژنتیکی بالا با BW45 (809/0)، وراثت­پذیری متوسط (406/0) و همبستگی ژنتیکی منفی و نسبتاً پایین با IgT (226/0-) و IgN (235/0-) می­تواند به عنوان معیار مناسبی جهت ارائه برنامه اصلاح نژادی به منظور بهبود صفات رشد و کاهش کم عملکرد سیستم  ایمنی باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimates of genetic parameters for body weights at late growth period and humoral ‎immunity in Japanese quail

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ayoub Mohammadi-Tighsiah 1
  • Ali Maghsoudi 2
  • Farzad Bagherzadeh-Kasmani 3
  • Mohammad Rokoei 3
  • Hadi Faraji-arough 4
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of ‎Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University ‎of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran‎
4 Assistant Professor, Research Center of Special Domestic Animals, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the current study was to estimate the genetic parameters of growth traits at the late ages (25-45 days of old) as well as humoral immune responses in Japanese quail. Therefore, the studied traits were growth traits (body weights (BW) at 25, 30, 35, 40 and 45 days of age, average daily gain (ADG) in 5 day periods as well as the immune system responses against SRBC (IgT) and Newcastle vaccine (IgN)). To estimate genetic parameters, a multivariate analysis was utilized using Gibbs sampling through Gibbsf90 software. The heritability for BW and ADG were varied between 0.303-0.437 and 0.053-0.338, respectively. Moreover, heritability estimates for IgT and IgN were 0.252 and 0.015, respectively. Genetic correlation between growth traits with immune responses were negative and ranged from low to moderate (−0.218 to −0.483). According to the results, genetic selection based on BWs might to result in higher genetic response than ADG and immune system performances. Among body weight traits, the BW30 based on its higher genetic correlation with BW45 (0.809), moderate heritability (0.406) and negative and relatively low genetic correlation with IgT (−0.226) and IgN (−0.235) would be consider as an appropriate criterion introduce applicable breeding program to improve growth traits with lower decreasing in the immune system performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Body weight
  • genetic correlation
  • Gibbs sampling
  • heritability
  • SRBC
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