8954856055505db

اثر تزریق محلول ویتامین ‏E‏ و سلنیوم و محلول ویتامین ‏B12‎‏ و آهن در گاوهای شیری دوره انتقال بر ‏کیفیت آغوز و ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی‎ ‎و فراسنجه‌های سرم گوساله‌ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق دکتری تغذیه دام، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام

3 استادیار پژوهشی بخش تحقیقات علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان چهارمحال و بختیاری، ‏سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، شهرکرد، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام

5 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه اراک‏

6 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد تغذیه دام، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام

چکیده

در این مطالعه، اثر تزریق محلول ویتامین E و سلنیوم و محلول ویتامین B12و آهن به گاوهای شیری دوره انتقال بر کیفیت آغوز، ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی، غلظت ویتامین‌های Eو B12و عناصر سلنیوم و آهن و فراسنجه‌های سرم گوساله‌ها بررسی شد. بیست رأس گاو یک شکم زایش (26/60±09/607 کیلوگرم) و 20 رأس گاو دو شکم زایش (54/55 ±712 کیلوگرم) در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی و بر اساس شکم زایش و وزن بدن به 4 گروه تقسیم شدند. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل 1) تزریق 7 میلی­لیتر سرم فیزیولوژیک، 2) تزریق 60 میلی‌لیتر محلول ویتامین E و سلنیوم، 3) تزریق 7 میلی‌لیتر محلول ویتامین B12وآهن و 4) تزریق 60 میلی‌لیتر محلول ویتامین E و سلنیوم و 7 میلی‌لیتر محلول ویتامین B12و آهن بودند. تزریق­ها در روزهای 21 و 7 قبل از زایش و خون‌گیری از گوساله‌ها قبل از مصرف آغوز و 24 ساعت بعد مصرف آغوز انجام شد. تزریق‌ها بر وزن تولدگوساله‌ها و درصد چربی، پروتئین، لاکتوز و مواد جامد بدون چربی و غلظت ایمونوگلبولین Gآغوز اثری نداشت. غلظت ویتامین‌های EوB12، عناصر سلنیوم و آهن، فعالیت آنزیم‌های گلوتاتیون‌پراکسیداز و کاتالاز، کل ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی و غلظت متابولیت‌های سرم گوساله‌ها تحت تأثیر قرار نگرفت. به­طورکلی می‌توان نتیجه‌گیری کرد که تزریق محلول‌ها 21 و 7 روز قبل از زایش بر سامانه ایمنی گوساله‌ها در 24 ساعت اول زندگی اثری نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of injection of vitamin E and selenium solution and vitamin B12 and iron ‎solution to transition dairy cows on colostrum quality, and antioxidant capacity and ‎serum metabolites in calves

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Mousavi 1
  • Farshid Fatahnia 2
  • Golnaz Taasoli 3
  • Yahya Mohammadi 4
  • Mehdi Mirzaee 5
  • Fakhrodin Armioon 6
1 Former Ph.D. Student, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam ‎University, Iran‎
2 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Iran‎
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Chaharmahal Bakhtiari Agirculture and Natural Resources Research and ‎Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extention Organization, Shahrekord, Iran ‎
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Iran‎
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Arak Unicersity, Iran‎
6 Former M. Sc. Student of Nutrition, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, IIran
چکیده [English]

In this experiment, effects of injection of vitamin E (VE) and selenium (Se) solution and vitamin B12 (VB12) and iron (Fe) solution to transition dairy cows on colostrum quality and calves’ antioxidant capacity, concentrations of VE and VB12, Fe and Se, serum metabolites and blood cells were studied. Twentyprimiparous (607.09±60.26 kg of body weight) and twentymultiparous (712±55.54 kg of body weight) Holstein dairy cows were divided to 4 based on parity and body weight in a randomized completely block design. Experimental treatments consisted of 1) injection of 7 ml of NaCl % 0.9 (Control), 2) injection of 60 ml of VE and Se solution, 3) injection of 7 ml of VB12 and Fe solution and 4) injection of 60 ml of VE and Se solution with 7 ml VB12 and Fe solution. Solutions injected on 21 and 7 day prepartum and calves blood samples collected before and 24h after cholestrum feeding. Results indicated that treatments had no effect on calves’birth weight and colostrum concentrations of fat, protein, lactose and solid not fat, and immunoglobulinG. Serum concentrations of VE and B12, Se and Fe, serum activities of glutathione peroxidase, catalase, total antioxidant capacity and serum metabolites did not affected by the experimental treatments. Altogether, it can be concluded that injection of VE and Se solution and VB12 and Fe solution to transition dairy cows on days 21 and 7 prepartum had no effect on calves’immune system at first 24h of life.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antioxidant capacity
  • Calf
  • Colostrum
  • vitamin E and Se
  • vitamin B12 and Fe
  1. Abdelrahman, M. M. & Kincaid, R. L. (1995). Effect of selenium supplementation on maternal transfer of selenium in the bovine. Journal of Dairy Science, 78, 625-630.
  2. Akins, M. S., Bertics, S. J., Socha, M. T. & Shaver, R. D. (2013). Effects of cobalt supplementation and vitamin B12 injections on lactation performance and metabolism of Holstein dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 96, 1755-1768.
  3. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). (2000). Official Methods of Analytical. (17th Ed.) Arlington, VA, USA.
  4. Baldi, A., Savoini, G., Pinotti, L., Monfardini, E., Cheli, F. & Dellerto, V. (2000). Effects of vitamin E and different energy sources on vitamin E status, milk quality and reproduction in transition cows. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 47, 599-608.
  5. Bunger, U., Schmoldt, P. & Ponge, J. (1986). Oral and parenteral control of iron deficiency in relation to the course diseases in milk fed calves originating from different farms. Monatshefte fur Veterinarmedizin, 41, 302-306.
  6. Campbell, M. H. & Miller, J. K. (1998). Effect of supplemental dietary vitamin E and zinc on reproductive performance of dairy cows and heifers fed excess iron. Journal of Dairy Science, 81, 2693-2699.
  7. Cohen, R. D., King, B. D., Guenther, C. & Janzen, E. D. (1991). Effects of prepartum parenteral supplementation of pregnant beef cows with selenium/vitamin E on cow and calf plasma selenium and productivity. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 32, 113-115.
  8. Daugherty, S. R., Carstens, G. E., Herd, D. B., Barling, K. S. & Randel, R. D. (2002). Effects of prenatal and prebreeding trace mineral/vitamin E injections on calf health and reproductive performance of beef cows. Beef Cattle Research in Texas, 3, 39-43.
  9. Eisa, A. M. A. & Elgebaly, L. S. (2010). Effect of ferrous sulphate on haematological, biochemical and immunological parameters in neonatal calves. Veterinaria Italiana, 46, 329-335.
  10. Erskine, R. J., Bartlett, P. C., Herdt, T. & Gaston, P. (1997). Effects of parenteral administration of vitamin E on health of periparturient dairy cows. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 211, 466-469.
  11. Esposito, G., Irons, P. C. & Webb, E. C. (2013). Interactions between negative energy balance, metabolic diseases, uterine health and immune response in transition dairy cows. Animal Reproduction Science, 144, 60-71.
  12. Geisser, P., Hole, H., Baer, M., Heim, H. & Fischer, W. (1991). Investigation on the dosage/efficacy relationship of iron dextran in veal calves. Arzneimittel Forschung, 41, 32-37.
  13. Girard, C. L. & Matte, J. J. (2005). Effects of intramuscular injections of vitamin B12 on lactation performance of dairy cows fed dietary supplements of folic acid and rumen-protected methionine. Journal of Dairy Science, 88, 671-676.
  14. Godden, S. (2008). Colostrum management for dairy calves. Veterinary Clinics of Food Animal Practice, 24, 19-39.
  15. Gygax, M., Hirni, H. & Wahlen, R. (1993). Immune functions of veal calves fed low amounts of iron. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 40, 1-10.
  16. Harrison, J. H., Hancock, D. D. & Conard, H. R. (1984). Vitamin E and selenium for reproduction of dairy cow. Journal of Dairy Science, 67, 123-132.
  17. Herdt, T. H. & Stowe, H. D. (1991). Fat-soluble vitamin nutrition for dairy cattle. Veterinary Clinics of Food Animal Practice, 7, 391-415.
  18. Hogan, J. S., Weiss, W. P. & Smith, K. L. (1993). Role of vitamin E and selenium in host defence against mastitis. Journal of Dairy Science, 76, 2795-2803.
  19. Kreipe, L., Deniz, A., Bruckmaier, R. M. & Van Dorland, H. A. (2011). First report about the mode of action of combined butafosfan and cyanocobalamin on hepatic metabolism in nonketotic early lactating cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 94, 4904-4914.
  20. Lacetera, N., Bernabuci, U., Ronchi, B. & Nardone, A. (1996). Effects of selenium and vitamin E administration during a late stage of pregnancy on colostrums and milk production in dairy cows, and on passive immunity and growth of their offspring. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 57, 1776-1780.
  21. Lindt, F. & Blum, J. W. (1993). Physical performance of veal calves during chronic iron deficiency anaemia and after acute iron overload. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 40, 444-455
  22. Mallard, B. A., Dekkers, J. C., Ireland, M. J., Leslie, K. E., Sharif, S. & Vankampen, C. L. (1998). Alteration in immune responsiveness during the peripartum period and its ramification on dairy cow and calf health. Journal of Dairy Science, 81, 585-595.
  23. McKenzie, R. C., Arthur, J. R. & Beckett, G. J. (2002). Selenium and the regulation of cell signaling, growth, and survival: Molecular and mechanistic aspects. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, 4, 339-351.
  24. Moeini, M. M., Karami, H. & Mikaeili, E. (2009). Effect of selenium and vitamin E supplementation during the late pregnancy on reproductive indices and milk production in heifers. Animal Reproduction Science, 114, 109-114.
  25. Moeini, M. M., Kiani, A., Karami, H. & Mikaeili, E. (2011). The Effect of selenium administration on the selenium, copper, iron and zinc status of pregnant heifers and their newborn calves. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 13, 53-59.
  26. Mohri, M., Poorsina, Sh. & Sedaghat, R. (2010). Effects of parenteral supply of iron on RBC parameters, performance, and health in neonatal dairy calves. Biological Trace Element Research, 136, 33-39.
  27. Mohri, M., Sarrafzadeh, F. & Seifi, H. A. (2006). Effects of oral iron supplementation on haematocrit, live weight gain and health in neonatal dairy calves. Journal of Veterinary Research, 7, 34-37.
  28. Mohri, M., Sarrafzadeh, F., Seifi, H. A. & N. Farzaneh. (2004). Effects of oral iron supplementation on some haematological parameters and iron biochemistry in neonatal dairy calves. Comparative Clinical Pathology, 13, 39-42.
  29. Mustacich, D. & Powis, G. (2000). Thioredoxin reductase. Biochemical Journal, 346, 1-8.
  30. National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS). (1992). Dairy herd management practices focusing on preweaned heifers. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Fort Collins, CO.
  31. National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS). (1996). Dairy herd management practices focusing on preweaned heifers. USDA, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Fort Collins, CO.
  32. National Research Council. (2001). Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. (7th Ed). National Research Council/National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  33. Pontes, G. C. S., Monteiro, P. L. J., Prata, A. B., Guardieiro, M. M., Pinto, D. A. M., Fernandes, G. O., Wiltbank, M. C., Santos, J. E. P. & Sartori, R. (2015). Effect of injectable vitamin E on incidence of retained fetal membranes and reproductive performance of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 98, 2437-2449.
  34. Sangild, P. T. (2003). Uptake of colostral immunoglobulins by the compromised newborn farm animal: a review. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, Supplement, 98, 105-122.
  35. Santschi, D. E., Berthiaume, R., Matte, J. J., Mustafa, A. F. & Girard, C. L. (2005). Fate of supplementary B-vitamins in the gastrointestinal tract of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 88, 2043-2054.
  36. SAS. (2013). User’s Guide: Statistics, Version 9.4 Edition. Inst., Inc., Cary, NC.
  37. Sordillo, L. M. (2005). Factors affecting mammary gland immunity and mastitis susceptibility. Livestick Science, 98, 89-99.
  38. Spears, J. W. & Weiss, W. P. (2008). Role of antioxidants and trace elements in health and immunity of transition dairy cows. Veterinary Journal, 176, 70-76.
  39. Tomlinson, D. J., Socha, M. T. & DeFrain, J. M. (2008). Role of trace minerals in the immune system. Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop. Washington. USA.
  40. USDA. (2008). Colostrum feeding and management on U.S. dairy operations 1991-2007. USDA-APHIS-VS, CEAH, Fort Collins, CO.
  41. Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B. & Lewis, B. A. (1991). Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3593-3597.
  42. Weiss, W. P. & Spears, J. W. (2006). Vitamin and trace mineral effects on immune function of ruminants. Ruminant Physiology. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 473-496.
  43. Yang, M., Zou, Y., Wu, Z. H., Li, S. L. & Cao, Z. J. (2015). Colostrum quality affects immune system establishment and intestinal development of neonatal calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 98, 1-11.
  44. Zarcula, S., Cernescu, H., Mircu, C., Tulcan, C., Morvay, A., Baul, S. & Popovici, D. (2010).  Influence of breed, parity and food intake on chemical composition of first colostrum in cow. Animal Science and Biotechnologies, 43, 154-157.