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مقایسه اثر دو نوع پروبیوتیک متفاوت بر فراسنجه‌های بیوشیمیایی و هورمونی خون، و عملکرد رشد گوساله‌های شیرخوار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی دام، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

2 استاد، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

3 دانشیار، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

چکیده

آزمایش حاضر به­منظور مقایسه اثر دو نوع پروبیوتیک متفاوت چند سویه­ای بر عملکرد رشد، فراسنجه­های بیوشیمیایی و هورمونی خون مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. برای این منظور تعداد 21 راس گوساله­ی نر و ماده هلشتاین در سن سه روزگی استفاده شد. گوساله­های هلشتاین به‌طور تصادفی به یکی از سه تیمار شامل شاهد (بدون دریافت پروبیوتیک)، پروبیوتیک پروتکسین و پروبیوتیک دی­پرو اختصاص داده شدند. ماده خشک مصرفی به صورت روزانه و وزن بدن در روزهای صفر، 20، 40 و 60 ثبت شد. نمونه­های خون در روزهای صفر، 30 و 60 به منظور ارزیابی فراسنجه­های بیوشیمیایی و هورمونی جمع­آوری شد. ضریب تبدیل خوراک در گروه دریافت کننده پروبیوتیک دی­پرو کمتر از شاهد بود (05/0P<)، ولی میانگین افزایش وزن روزانه و مصرف خوراک در بین گروه­ها اختلاف معنی­داری نداشت. غلظت کورتیزول در گروه دی­پرو کمتر از گروه پروتکسین و T3 پلاسما در گروه پروتکسین بیشتر از دو گروه دیگر بود (05/0P<)، اگرچه سایر فراسنجه­های خونی تفاوت معنی­داری نداشتند. نتایج نشان می دهد پروبیوتیک دی­پرو می تواند عملکرد رشد را با کاهش ضریب تبدیل غذایی در گوساله­های شیرخوار هلشتاین بهبود بخشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of two different probiotics effects on blood biochemical and hormonal parameters, and growth performance in suckling calves

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Sabbaghi Feriz 1
  • Armin Towhidi 2
  • Mahdi Zhandi 3
  • Mahdi Dehghan Banadaki 2
  • Nasim Vakili 1
1 M. Sc. Student, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Professor, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
3 Associate Professor, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to compare the influence of two kind of multi species probiotic on growth performance and biochemical and hormonal blood parameters. 21 male and female animals were used in thrid day of age. They were randomly allocated to 1 of 3 treatments including: control (without probiotic), probiotic Protexin and probiotic Di-pro. Dry mater intake was daily determined and body weight was measured on days 0, 20, 40 and 60. Blood samples were obtained on days 0, 30 and 60 to assess biochemical and hormonal parameters. Feed conversion ratio was lower (P<0.05) in Di-pro but there were no differences in average daily gain and dry mater intake compared to the other groups. Plasma cortisol level decreased in Di-Pro (P<0.05), and plasma T3 concentration increased in Protexin (P<0.05) compared to the other groups, while other blood parameters did not have any significant differences. The results suggest that probiotic Di-pro may improve growth performance by decreasing the feed conversion ratio in suckling Holstein calves.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • feed efficiency
  • Probiotic
  • Suckling calves
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