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تأثیر منابع سولفات، هیدروکسی کلرید و کمپلکس آلی منگنز در جیره بر کیفیت تخم مرغ در مرغان تخم گذار مسن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، واحد شهر قدس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، واحد شهر قدس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

به منظور مطالعه تأثیر منابع منگنز به شکل سولفات، هیدروکسی کلرید و کمپلکس آلی منگنز- متیونین بر کیفیت تخم­مرغ در مرغان تخم­گذار مسن، آزمایشی با بکارگیری 384 قطعه مرغ های-لاین 36-Wدر سن 65 هفتگی به مدت 8 هفته در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با 6 تیمار، 4 تکرار و 16 قطعه مرغ در هر تکرار انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل تیمار شاهد (فاقد مکمل منگنز)، شاهد به­ علاوه سطوح 50، 70 و 90 میلی­گرم منگنز به شکل هیدروکسی کلرید، شاهد به­علاوه 70 میلی­گرم منگنز به شکل کمپلکس آلی منگنز- متیونین و شاهد به­علاوه 70 میلی‌گرم منگنز به شکل سولفات منگنز در هر کیلوگرم جیره بودند. نتایج نشان دادند که منابع مختلف مکمل منگنز اثر معنی­داری بر وزن بدن، مصرف خوراک، درصد تولید، شاخص زرده، وزن مخصوص و واحد هاو تخم­مرغ نداشتند. در هفته­های ششم، هشتم و کل دوره، تمام تیمارها ضریب تبدیل خوراک بهتری نسبت به گروه شاهد داشتند (05/0P<). همه تیمارها سبب افزایش معنی­دار وزن تخم­مرغ در هفته هشتم و کل دوره آزمایش و ضخامت، درصد و مقاومت پوسته تخم­مرغ در برابر شکستگی در طی هفته­های مختلف آزمایش نسبت به گروه شاهد شدند (05/0P<). افزایش مقاومت پوسته با استفاده از 90 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم هیدروکسی کلرید منگنز در مقایسه با 70 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم سولفات منگنز، معنی­دار (05/0P<) بود درحالی­که بین 50 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم هیدروکسی کلرید منگنز و 70 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم منبع آلی منگنز- متیونین اختلافی مشاهده نشد. استفاده از منبع آلی یا هیدروکسی کلرید منگنز، غلظت منگنز خون و استخوان درشت­نی پرندگان را در مقایسه با گروه شاهد افزایش داد (05/0P<). در مجموع نتایج نشان دادند که 50 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم هیدروکسی کلرید منگنز می­تواند جایگزین 70 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم کمپلکس آلی منگنز- متیونین و یا سولفات منگنز در جیره مرغان تخم­گذار مسن شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of dietary inclusion of sulphate, hydroxychloride and organic complex sources of manganese on egg quality of aged laying hens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehran Jamshidian Ghale Sefidi 1
  • Fatemeh Shirmohammad 2
  • Morteza Mehri 2
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Animal Science, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effect of manganese sources in the form of sulphate, hydroxychloride and methionine- chelated manganese organic complex on egg quality of aged laying hens, an experiment was conducted using 384 Hy-line W-36 laying hens at 65 week of age for 8 weeks in completely randomized design with 6 treatments, 4 replications and 16 hens in each replication. The experimental treatments included control (with no Mn supplementation), control plus 50, 70 and 90 mg of Mn as hydroxychloride per kg of diet, control plus 70 mg of manganese as manganese-methionine organic complex per kg of diet and 70 mg of manganese as manganese sulphate per kg of diet. The results showed that the different manganese sources had no significant effect on body weight, feed intake, egg production rate, yolk index, specific gravity and Haugh unit of egg. All treatments had better feed conversion ratio in weeks 6, 8 and in the entire experimental period when compared to control group (P<0.05). All treatments increased egg weight at 8th week and entire experimental period and eggshell thickness, eggshell percentage and eggshell breaking strength during different weeks of experiment when compared to control group (P<0.05). The increase in eggshell strength with 90 mg/kg of manganese hydroxychloride in comparison to 70 mg/kg of manganese sulphate was significant (P<0.05), however no significant difference was observed between 50 mg/kg manganese hydroxychloride and 70 mg/kg manganese-methionine organic complex. The use of manganese organic source or manganese hydroxychloride increased blood and tibia manganese concentrations (P<0.05) in comparison to control group. Generally, the results showed that 50 mg/kg of manganese hydroxychloride can be replaced for 70 mg/kg of manganese-methionine organic complex or manganese sulphate in the diet of aged laying hens.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Eggshell strength
  • Haugh unit
  • laying hens
  • tibia
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