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کارایی افزودنی‏های جاذب سموم بر دیازینون باقی‏مانده در تفاله انگور و تأثیر آن بر مصرف خوراک، و فراسنجه‏های شکمبه و خون در بزهای شیرده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه

2 استاد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه

3 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی اثر جاذب‏های مختلف سموم بر میزان دیازینون باقی‏‏مانده در تفاله انگور سفید و تأثیرگذاری این افزودنی‏ها بر فراسنجه‏های شکمبه‏ای و برخی پارامترهای خونی در بزهای شیرده تغذیه‌شده با جیره حاوی مقادیر زیاد تفاله انگور (71/‏27 درصد) بود. در این مطالعه از 20 رأس بز شیرده مهابادی با میانگین وزن زنده 5‏±‏50 کیلوگرم در قالب یک طرح کامل تصادفی با 4 تیمار و 5 تکرار استفاده شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل جیره‌های حاوی 1) تفاله انگور سفید بدون جاذب سموم یا گروه شاهد، 2)‏ تفاله انگور فرآوری­شده با جاذب سموم مایکوفیکس پلاس (Mycofix-plus)، 3) تفاله انگور فرآوری­شده با جاذب سموم بیوتوکس (Bio-Tox) و 4) تفاله انگور فرآوری­شده با جاذب سموم بیواسید (Bio-Acid) بود. افزودن ترکیبات جاذب سموم به جیره‏های دارای سطوح بالای تفاله انگور سبب کاهش مقادیر سم دیازینون در جیره گردید (05/0P<)، به‌طوری‌که بیشترین سم دیازینون در تیمار شاهد (mg/kg 08/4) و کمترین مقدار سم در تیمار فرآوری شده با مکمل Bio-Tox برابر با (mg/kg 67/0) مشاهده شد. میزان ماده خشک مصرفی، نیتروژن آمونیاکی، غلظت کل اسیدهای چرب فرّار و پروپیونات شکمبه، غلظت گلوکز و اوره خون درنتیجه افزودن جاذب‏های مختلف سموم افزایش یافت (05/0P<). جاذب‏ها تأثیر معنی‏داری بر جمعیت تک‌یاخته‌ای شکمبه‏ نداشت (05/0P>). افزودن جاذب‏های مختلف سبب کاهش اسیدهای چرب غیر استریفیه شد (05/0P<). غلظت بتا هیدروکسی بوتیرات (BHBA)، پروتئین تام و آلبومین خون درنتیجه مصرف جاذب‏ها تفاوت معنی‏داری را در بین گروه‏های موردمطالعه نشان نداد (05/0P>). به‌طورکلی، ترکیبات جاذب و غیرفعال­کننده سموم در جیره‏های دارای سطوح بالای تفاله انگور مقادیر سم دیازینون را کاهش داد و سبب بهبود مصرف خوراک، فراسنجه‏های شکمبه‏ و متابولیت‌های خون در بزهای شیرده مهابادی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of toxin adsorbents on Diazinon residues in grape pomace and its effects on intake, and ruminal and blood parameters in lactating goats

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behzad Pourmahmoud 1
  • Rasoul Pirmohammadi 2
  • Hamed Khalilvandi Behroozyar 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to determine effects of different toxin adsorbents on the amount of Diazinon residues and effectiveness of these additives on ruminal parameters and some blood metabolites in Mohabadi lactating goats fed with high white grape pomace-based diets (27.71%). In this study, 20 lactating goats with 50±5 kg body weight were used in a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 5 replications. Experimental treatments included diets containing: 1- White grape pomace without toxin adsorbent or control group 2- Grape pomace processed with Mycofix-Plus toxin adsorbent 3- Grape pomace processed with Bio-Tox toxin adsorbent 4- Grape pomace processed with Bio-Acid toxin adsorbent. Adding adsorbent compounds of toxins to diets with high levels of grape pomace reduced the amount of Diazinon in the diet (P˂0.05), so the highest amount of Diazinon in control treatment (4.08 mg/kg) and the lowest amount of toxin was observed in treatment group treated with Bio-Tox supplement (0.67 mg/kg). As a result of adding different toxin adsorbents there was an increase in the amount of dry matter intake (DMI), rumen N-NH3, total VFA, propionic acid, glucose and urea concentration (P˂0.05). Adsorbents did not have a significant effect on the Rumen protozoa population (p>0.05). Adding different adsorbents reduced Non-esterified fatty acids (p<0.05). There was not any significant difference among the investigated groups in terms of the concentration of β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), total protein and albumin as a result of adsorbent use (p>0.05). As a conclusion, the amount of the adsorbent and deactivating compounds of toxins in diets with high levels of grape pomace reduced the amount of Diazinon and improved feed intake, rumenal and blood parameters in Mahabadi's lactating goats.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blood
  • diazinon
  • Goat
  • grape pomace
  • rumen
  • toxins adsorbent
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