Aghaziarati Farahani, N., Amanlou, H., Mansouri, H., Mirzaei, H. R. & Mostafa Tehrani, A. (2013). Effect of replacing alfalfa hay with alfalfa silage in high performance dairy cattle diets. Iranian Journal of Animal Science Research, 5(4), 335-343. (in Farsi)
Association of Official Analytical Chemists. (1990). Official methods of analysis. (17th Ed.), AOAC, Washington, DC.
Barmaki, S., Alamouti, A. A., Khadem, A. A. & Afzalzadeh, A. (2017). Effectiveness of chopped Lucerne hay as a moisture absorbent for low dry-matter maize silage: Effluent reduction, fermentation quality and intake by sheep. Grass and Forage Science, 73 (2), 406-412.
Broderick, G. & Kang, J. (1980). Automated simultaneous determination of ammonia and total amino acids in ruminal fluid and in vitro media. Journal of Dairy Science, 63, 64-75.
Defrain, J. M., Hippen, A. R., Kalscheur, K. F. & Schingoethe, D. J. (2006). Feeding lactose to increase ruminal butyrate and the metabolic status of transition dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 267-276.
Dubois, M. K. A., Gilles, J. K. Hamilton, P., Rebers, A. & Smith, F. (1956). Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anaytical Chemistry, 28, 350-356.
Fransen, S. C. & Strubi, F. J. (1998). Relationships among absorbents on the reduction of grass silage effluent and silage quality. Journal of Dairy Science, 81, 2633-2644.
Ferris, C. P. & Mayne, C. S. (1994). The effects of incorporating sugar-beet pulp with herbage at ensiling on silage fermentation, effluent output and in-silo losses. Grass and Forage Science, 49(2), 216-228.
Gaines, W.L. (1928). The Energy basis of measuring milk yield in dairy cows. University of Illinois, USA.
Graves, R. E. & Vanderstappen, P. J. (1993). Environmental problems with silage effluent: silage production from seed to animal. In: Proceedings of national silage production conference, Syracuse, NY, Northeast Region Agricultural Engineering Series, Cooperative Extention, Cornell University, pp. 291-299.
Gebrehanna, M. M. Gordon, R. J., Madani, A., VanderZaag, A. C. & Wood, J. D. (2014). Silage effluent management: A review. Environmental Management, 143, 113-122.
Haigh, P. M. (1998). Incorporation of straw with grass at ensilage. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 70,383-388.
Haerr, K. J., Lopes, N. M., Pereira, M. N., Fellows, G. M. & Cardoso, F. C. (2015). Corn silage from corn treated with foliar fungicideand performance of Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 98, 1-11
Khadem, A. A., Sharifi, M., Afzalzadeh, A. & Rezaeian. M. (2009). Effects of diets containing alfalfa hay or barley flour mixed alfalfa silage on feeding behavior, productivity, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites in lactating cows. Journal of Animal Science, 80(4), 403-410.
Khorvash, M., Colombatto, D., Beauchemin, K. A., Ghorbani, G. R. & Samei, A. (2005) Use of absorbant and inoculants to enhance the quality of corn silage. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 86, 97-107.
Mc Donald, P., Edwards, R. A., Greenhalgh, J. F. D., Morgan, C. A., Sinclair, L. A. & Wilkinson, R. G. (2010). Animal nutrition seventh edition.
Ministry of Agriculture., Fisheries and Food (MAFF). (1986). The Analysis of Agriculture Materials, ADAS Refrence book 427. United Kingdom; MAFF Publications, London.
Moeinizadeh, S., Khadem, A. A., Assadi Alamouti, A. & Afzalzade, A. (2013). Effects of addition of alfalfa hay as an absorbant on fermentation quality and effluent loss in corn silage. Journal of Animal Production, 15(1), 31-43. (in Farsi)
Morrison, M. (1979). Changes in the cell wall components of laboratory silages and the effect of various additives on these changes. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 93, 581-586.
Nelson, W. F. & Satter, L. D. (1992). Impact of stage of maturity and method of preservation of alfalfa on digestion in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 75, 1571-1580.
Offer, N. W. & Al-Rwidah, M. N. (1989). The use of absorbent materials to control effluent loss from grass silage: experiments with drum silos. Research and Development in Agriculture, 6, 71 – 76.
Ottenstein, D. M. & Bartley, D. A. (1971). Improved gas chromatography separation of free acids c2-c5 in dilute solution. Analytical Chemistry, 43, 952-955.
Plaizier, J. C. (2004). Replacing chopped alfalfa hay with alfalfa silage in barley grain and alfalfa-based total mixed rations for lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 87(8), 2495-2505.
Salo, M. L. & Sormunsen, R. (1974). Sugar beet tops and beet top silage: 2. Losses during ensiling and binding of effluent. The Journal of the Scientific Agricultural Society, 46, 97-102.
Salo, M. L. (1978). Ensiling, preservation losses and effluent binding of sugar beet tops. The Journal of the Scientific Agricultural Society, 50, 297-304.
Sosa, I., Leyton, L., Corea, E. & Elizondo-Salazar, J. (2010). Correlation between Milk and Blood Urea Nitrogen in High and Low Yielding Dairy Cows. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 43, 79-82.
Van Keulen, J. & Young, B. A. (1977). Evaluation of acid-insoluble ash as a natural marker in ruminant digestibility studies. Journal of Animal Science, 44, 282-289.
Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B. & Lewis, B. A. (1991). Methods for dietary fiber neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74(10), 3583-3597.
Weimer, P. M., Henry, F. T. & William, P. F. (1971). Energetics of body tissue mobilization. Journal of Dairy Science, 54, 548-553.