Abdelgadir, I. E. O., Morrill, J. L. & Higgins, J. J. (1996). Effect of roasted soybeans and corn on performance and ruminal and blood metabolites of dairy calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 79, 465-474.
Akayezu, J. M., Linn, J. G.., Otterby, D. E. & Hansen, W. P. (1994). Evaluation of calf starters containing different amounts of crude protein for growth of Holstein calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 77, 1982-1989.
Allen, M. S., Bradford, B. J. & Oba, M. (2009). Board-invited review: the hepatic oxidation theory of the control of feed intake and its application to ruminants. Journal of Animal Science, 87, 3317-3334.
AOAC. (2000). Official Methods of Analysis. 13th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA, USA.
ASchenbach, J. R., Kristensen, N. B., Donkin, S. S., Hammon, H. M., Penner, G. B. (2010). Gluconeogenesis in dairy cows: The secret of making sweet milk from sour dough. IUBMB Life, 61, 869- 877.
Bethard, G. L., James, R. E. & Mcgilliard, M. L. (1997). Effect of rumen-undegradable protein and energy on growth and feed efficiency of growing Holstein heifers. Journal of Dairy Science, 80, 2149-2155.
Ghasemi, E., Azad-Shahraki, M. & Khorvash, M. (2017). Effect of different fat supplements on performance of dairy calves during cold season. Journal of Dairy Science, 100, 1-10.
Gudla, P., AbuGhazaleh, A., Ishlak, A. & Jones, K. (2012). The effect of level of forage and oil
supplement on biohydrogenation intermediates and bacteria in continuous cultures. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 171, 108-116.
Heinrichs, A. J., Erb, H. N., Rogers, G. W., Cooper, J. B. & Jones, C. M. (2007). Variability in Holstein heifer heart-girth measurements and comparison of prediction equations for live weight. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 78, 33-338.
Hill, T. M., Bateman II, H. G., Aldrich, J. M. & Schlotterbeck, R. L. (2011). Impact of various fatty acids on dairy calf performance. Professional Animal Scientist, 27, 167-175.
Hill, T. M., Bateman, H. G., Aldrich, J. M., Quigley, J. D. & Schlotterbeck, R. L. (2015). Inclusion of tallow and soybean oil to calf starters fed to dairy calves from birth to four months of age on calf performance and digestion. Journal of Dairy Science, 98, 4882-4888.
Hill, T. M., Quigley, J. D., Suarez-Mena, F. X., Bateman, H. G. & Schlotterbeck, R. L. (2016). Effect of milk replacer feeding rate and functional fatty acids on dairy calf performance and digestion of nutrients. Journal of Dairy Science, 99, 1-10.
Kadkhoday, A., Riasi, A., Alikhani, M., Dehghan-Banadaky, M. & Kowsar, R. (2017). Effects of fat sources and dietary 18:2 to C18:3 fatty acids ratio on growth performance, ruminal fermentation and some blood components of Holstein calves. Livestock Science, 204, 71-77.
Kazemi-Bonchenari, M., Alizadeh, A. R., Tahriri, A., Karkoodi, R. K., Jalali, S. & Sadri, H. (2015). The effects of partial replacement of soybean meal by xylose-treated soybean meal in the starter concentrate on performance, health status, and blood metabolites of Holstein calves. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 14, 138-142.
Kazemi-Bonchenari, M., Falahati, R., Poorhamdollah, M., Heidari, S.R. & Pezeshki, A. (2018). Essential oils improved weight gain, growth and feed efficiency of young dairy calves fed 18 or 20% crude protein starter diets. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition. In press. DOI: 10.111/jpn.12867.
Kazemi-Bonchenari, M., Mirzaei, M., Jahani-Moghadam, M., Soltani, A., Mahjoubi, E. & Patton, R. A. (2016). Interactions between levels of heat-treated soybean meal and prilled fat on growth, rumen fermentation, and blood metabolites of Holstein calves. Journal of Animal Science, 94, 1-9.
Khan, M. A., Lee, H. J., Lee, W. S., Kim, H. S., Ki, K. S., Hur, T. Y., Suh, G. H., Kang, S. J. & Choi, Y. J. (2007). Structural growth, rumen development, and metabolic and immune responses of Holstein male calves fed milk through step-down and conventional methods. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 3376-3387.
Kuehn, C. S., Otterby, D. E. & Linn, J. G. (1994). The effect of dietary energy concentration on calf performance. Journal of Dairy Science, 77, 2621-2629.
Maiga, H. A., Schingoethe, D. J., Ludens, F. C.., Tucker, W. & Casper, D. P. (1994). Response of calves to diets that varied in amounts of ruminally degradable carbohydrate and protein. Journal of Dairy Science, 77, 278-283.
Manns, J. G., Boda, J. M. & Willis, R. F. (1967). Probable role of propionate and butyrate in control of insulin secretion in sheep. American Journal of Physiology, 212, 756-764.
NRC. (2001). Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. (7th rev. ed.). National Acad. Sci., Washington, DC.
Pouzo, L., Fanego, N., Santini, F. J., Descalzo, A. & Pavan, E. (2015). Animal performance, carcass characteristics and beef fatty acid profile of grazing steers supplemented with corn grain and increasing amounts of flaxseed at two animal weights during finishing. Livestock Science, 178, 140-149.
SAS. (2000). User’s Guide: Statistics, 8 edn. Statistical Analysis System Institute SAS/STAT, Cary, North Carolina.
Swartz, L. A., Heinrichs, A. J., Varga, G. A. & Muller, L. D. (1991). Effects of varying dietary undegradable protein on dry matter intake, growth, and carcass composition of Holstein calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3884-3890.
Tahmasbi, A. M., Heidari Jahan Abadi, S. & Naserian, A. A. (2014). The effect of 2 liquid feeds and 2 sources of protein in starter on performance and blood metabolites in Holstein neonatal calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 97, 363-371.