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تأثیر تغذیۀ درون تخم‌مرغی بتا- هیدروکسی بتا- متیل‌بوتیرات و دکسترین و محرومیت آب و خوراک پس از تفریخ بر ذخایر گلیکوژن بدن و ریخت‌شناسی میان رودۀ جوجه‌های گوشتی در سن هفت‌روزگی با استفاده از روش رویۀ پاسخ

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پاسخ جوجه­های گوشتی به تغذیۀ درون تخم­مرغی بتا- هیدروکسی بتا- متیل­بوتیرات (HMB) و دکسترین و زمان دسترسی به نخستین خوراک با استفاده از طرح باکس- بنکن و روش رویۀ پاسخ ارزیابی شد. در روز 18 دورۀ جوجه­کشی، 1500 عدد تخم­مرغ قابل جوجه­کشی سویۀ راس 308 به‌طور تصادفی به تیمارهای آزمایشی به‌دست‌آمده از طرح باکس- بنکن، هرکدام شامل چهار تکرار، سه سطح تغذیۀ درون تخم­مرغی HMB (0، 5/0 و 1 درصد) و دکسترین (0، 20 و 40 درصد)، و سه سطح زمان دسترسی به نخستین خوراک (6، 27 و 48 ساعت) اختصاص داده شدند. تغذیۀ درون تخم­مرغی دکسترین منجر به کاهش معنی­دار قابلیت جوجه درآوری شد (05/0>P)، درحالی‌که تغذیۀ درون تخم­مرغی HMB تأثیر معنی­داری بر قابلیت جوجه درآوری نداشت (05/0<P). در مدل­های شاخص کارایی تولید اروپایی، مساحت پرزهای میان روده (ژژنوم) و میزان گلیکوژن بافت کبد و ماهیچۀ سینۀ جوجه­های گوشتی در سن هفت‌روزگی، اجزاء خطی بیشترین (61/0 تا 79/0) مشارکت را برای توضیح وجود واریانس در پاسخ جوجه­های گوشتی داشتند. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد، دستیابی به بالاترین شاخص کارایی تولید اروپایی در سن هفت‌روزگی با تغذیۀ درون تخم­مرغی HMB و دکسترین (به ترتیب میزان 54/0 و 03/39 درصد) در مایع آمنیونی تا بیشینه 79/20 ساعت گرسنگی پس از تفریخ میسر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of in-ovo feeding of beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate and dextrin and posthatching water and feed deprivation on body glycogen resources and jejunal morphology of broilers at 7 days of age using response surface methodology

نویسندگان [English]

  • Moein Ghanaatparast-Rashti 1
  • Majid Mottaghitalab 2
  • Hamed Ahmadi 3
1 Ph.D. Student and, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture Science, University of Guilan, PO Box 41635-1314, Tehran, Iran
2 Associatet Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture Science, University of Guilan, PO Box 41635-1314, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agriculture Science, Tarbiat Modares University, PO Box 14115-336, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was conducted to evaluate broiler response to in-ovo feeding of beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) and dextrin and the timing of the first feed deprivation using Box-Behnken design and response surface methodology. On day 18 of incubation, 1500 fertile eggs from Ross 308 strain were randomly assigned to experimental treatments of Box-Behnken design, each with 4 replicates, as 3 levels in-ovo injection of HMB (0, 0.5 and 1 %) and dextrin (0, 20 and 40 %), and 3 levels of the first water and feed restriction time (6, 27 and 48 hours). The in-ovo injection of dextrin led to significant lower hatchability (P<0.05), whereas in-ovo injection of HMB had no significant effect on hatchability (P>0.05). In European efficiency factor models, the jejunal villi surface area and glycogen contents of liver and breast muscle at 7 days of age, the linear components showed highest contribution (0.61 to 0.79) of variation in chick responses. The results of this research showed that maximum European efficiency factor at 7 days of age can be achieved by in-ovo administration of HMB and dextrin (0.54 and 39.03 percent, respectively) in amnion fluid till maximum 20.79 hours feed deprivation after hatch.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Amnion fluid
  • efficiency factor
  • histomorphometry
  • Response Surface Methodology
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