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تأثیر تزریق درون تخم‌مرغی نسبت‌های مختلف ال-آرژنین به ال-لیزین بر رشد بدن، تولید ماهیچه و غلظت متابولیت‌های خون جوجه‌های گوشتی یک روزۀ راس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

2 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

3 استاد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، ارزیابی تأثیر تزریق درون تخم‌مرغی نسبت­های مختلف ال- آرژنین به ال- لیزین بر رشد بدن، تولید ماهیچه و غلظت متابولیت­های خون جوجه­های گوشتی یک روزۀ سویۀ راس بود. شمار 210 تخم‌مرغ بارور مادر گوشتی راس 308 در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی با هفت گروه آزمایشی و هر گروه دارای سی تخم­مرغ انفرادی استفاده شدند. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل شاهد (بدون تزریق)، شاهد-شم (تزریق آب مقطر سترون یا استریل) و تزریق محلول‌های نسبت‌های 7/75، 7/80، 7/85، 7/90 و 7/95 درصد اسیدآمینۀ ال- ‌آرژنین به ال- ‌لیزین داشتند. پس از تفریخ، جوجه‌ها وزن‌کشی و نمونه‌های خون آن‌ها گرد‌آوری شد. سپس جوجه‌ها کشتار و وزن اجزای لاشۀ آن‌ها اندازه‌گیری شد. بنا بر نتایج این آزمایش، بالاترین درصد جوجه درآوری در نسبت 7/90 درصد ال- آرژنین به ال- لیزین مشاهده شد (01/0P<). همچنین نتایج نشان دادند، تزریق درون تخم­مرغی نسبت­های مختلف ال- آرژنین به ال- لیزین تا سطح 7/90 درصد موجب افزایش معنی­داری در وزن جوجه (01/0P<)، وزن نسبی لاشۀ پوست‌کنده (01/0P<)، بازدۀ لاشه (01/0P<)، وزن نسبی ران (05/0P<)، وزن نسبی ماهیچۀ سینه­ (01/0P<) و وزن نسبی کبد (05/0P<) شد، درحالی‌که غلظت اوره در سرم خون را به‌طور معنی­داری (05/0P<) کاهش داد. به‌طورکلی، نتایج نشان دادند تزریق درون تخم‌مرغی نسبت 7/90 درصد ال- آرژنین به ال- لیزین نسبت قابل پیشنهاد به‌منظور بهبود رشد ماهیچه، غلظت متابولیت­های سرم خون و درصد جوجه درآوری جوجه‌های گوشتی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of in ovo injection of different ratios of L-arginine to L-lysine on body growth, muscle production, and blood metabolites concentration of day old Ross broiler chicks

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farideh Abdolalizadeh Alvanegh 1
  • Marziyeh Ebrahimi 2
  • Hossein Daghigh Kia 3
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of in ovo injection of different ratios of L- arginine to L- lysine on body growth, muscle production and blood metabolites concentration of day old Ross broilers chicks. A total of 210 fertile Ross 308 broiler breeder eggs were used in a completely randomized design with seven experimental groups of 30 individual eggs in each treatment. The experimental treatments included: sham-control (sterile distilled water injected), control (non-injected), and injection of solutions with 75.7, 80.7, 85.7, 90.7 and 95.7 percent L-arginine to L-lysine ratios. On hatching, the chicks were weighed and their blood samples were collected. Then, chicks were euthanized and their carcass traits were weighed. According to the results of this study, the maximum hatchability percentage was observed in 90.7 percent of L- arginine to L- lysine ratio. The results also showed that the in ovo injection of different L- arginine to L- lysine ratio up to 90.7 percent resulted in significant increase in chick weight (P< 0.01), relative weight of scalped carcass (P< 0.01), carcass efficiency (P<0.01), thigh relative weight (P< 0.05), breast muscle relative weight (P< 0.01) and relative weight of liver (P< 0.05), whereas blood plasma urea concentration was significantly (P< 0.05) decreased. In overall, results indicated that in ovo injection of 90.7% L-arginine to L-lysine ratio is an advisable ratio for improving muscle growth, blood serum metabolite concentrations, and hatchability percentage of broilers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Broilers
  • In ovo injection
  • L-arginine to L-lysine ratio
  • Muscle growth
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