Abarghuei, M. J. & Rouzbahan, Y. (2013). Influence of grape pomace extract on in vitro gas production kinetics and on ruminal unicellular population of inoculum in sheep. Iranian Journal of Animal Science, 44(4), 375-384. (in Farsi)
Abassi, N., Azizi jalilian, F. & Seifmanesh, M. (2007). Antimicrobial effect of extracts of Scrophularia striata on Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and comparison with selective effective antibiotics. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 6(1), 10-18. (in Farsi)
Afshar Hamidi, B., Pirmohammadi, R., Mansori, H. & Faraji, M. (2013). The effects of Adding thymus plant to lactating goats rations on digestibility parameters and milk yield performance. Animal Science Journal (Pajouhesh and Sazandegi), 101, 29-36. (in Farsi)
Amiri, H., Lari yazdi, H., Esmaeili, A., Samsamniya, F., Eghbali, D., Veskarami, H., Dosti, B. & Noormohammadi, A. (2010). Identification and evaluation of compounds that form the essence of the plant secretory structures Scrophularia striata Boiss. Iranian Journal of Medical and Aromatic Plants, 27(2), 271-278. (in Farsi)
Askari, S., Rahimi, P., Mahzuni, P. & Kabiri, N. (2010). The effect of walnut leaves (Juglans regia L.) in reducing blood glucose levels in diabetic rats with alloxan. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, 26(1), 30-39. (in Farsi)
Babri, Sh., Doosti, M., Fatehi, L. & Salari, A. (2012). The effects of Scrophularia striata extract on anxiety and depression behaviors in adult male mice. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 18(2), 133-140. (in Farsi)
Bahrami, A. (2011). The effectiveness of Scrophularia striata on Newcastle disease. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(12), 2883-2888.
Bailey, A.I., Fcrdman, H.A., Smith, L.W. & Sharma, B.K. (1990). Particle size reduction during initial mastications of forages by dairy cattle. Journal of Animal Science, 68, 2084-2094.
Bampidis, V.A., Christodoulou, V., Florou-Paneri, P., Christaki, E., Spais, A.B. & Chatzopoulou, P.S. (2005). Effect of dietary dried oregano leaves on performance and carcass characteristics of growing lambs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 121, 285-295.
Beauchemin, K. A., Kreuzer, M., Mara, F. O. & McAllister, T. A., (2008). Nutritional management for entericmethane abatement: a review. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48, 21-27.
Benchaar, C., Chaves, A.V., Fraser, G.R., Wang, Y. Beauchemin, K.A. & McAllister, T.A. (2007). Effects of essential oils and their components on in vitro rumen microbial fermentation. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 87, 413-419.
Benchaar, C., Petit, H.V., Berthiaume, R., Whyte, T.D. & Chouinard, P.Y. (2006). Effects of addition of essential oils and monensin premix on digestion, ruminal fermentation, milk production and milk composition in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 4352-4364
Busquet, M., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A. & Kamel, C. (2006). Plant extracts affect in vitro rumen microbial fermentation. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 761-771.
Çabuk, M., Bozkurt, M., Alçiçek, A., Akbaş, Y. & Küçükyılmaz, K. (2006). Effect of a herbal essential oil mixture on growth and internal organ weight of broilers from young and old breeder flocks. South African Journal of Animal Science, 36, 35-41.
Calsamiglia, S., Busquet, M., Cardozo, P.W., Castillejos, L. & Ferret, A. (2007). Invited review: essential oils asmodifiers of rumenmicrobial fermentation. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 2580-2595.
Cardozo, P. W., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A. & Kamel, C. (2006). Effects of alfalfa extract, anise, capsicum and a mixture of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol on ruminal fermentation and protein degradation in beef heifers fed a high concentrate diet. Journal of Animal Science, 84, 2801-2808.
Goel, G., Makkar, H.P.S. & Becker, K. (2008). Effects of Sesbania sesban and Carduus pycnocephalus leaves and Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) seeds and their extracts on partitioning of nutrients from roughage- and concentrate-based feeds to methane. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 147, 72-89.
Hristov, A.N., Ropp, J.K., Zaman, S. & Melgar, A. (2008). Effects of essential oils on in vitro ruminal fermentation and ammonia release. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 144, 55-64.
Katan, M. B. & Hollman, P. C. H. (1998). Dietary flavonoids and cardiovascular disease. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 8, 1-4.
Kohwand, M. & Maleki, M. (2014). In vitro study of the effects of some of yarrow (Achillea millefolium) essential oils on parameters of digestion and rumen fermentation in sheep. 6 th Animal Sciences Congress, University of Tabriz. (in Farsi)
Kongmun, P., Wanapat, M., Pakdee, P. & Navanukraw, C. (2010). Effect of coconut oil and garlic powder on in vitro fermentation using gas production technique. Livestock Science, 127, 38-44.
Kononoff, P.J., Lehman, H.A. & Heinrichs, A.J. (2002). Technical Note: A comparison of method used to measure eating and ruminating activity in confined dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 85, 1801-1803.
Krause, K.M. & Combs, D.K. (2003). Effects of forage particle size, forage source and grain fermentability on performance and ruminal pH in mid lactation cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 86, 1382-1397.
Mahboubi, M., Kazempour, N. & Boland Nazar, A.R. (2013). Total Phenolic, Total Flavonoids, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Scrophularia StriataBoiss Extracts. Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products, 8(1), 15-19.
Mozafaryan, W. (2008). Ilam Flora, Publisher Department of Natural Resources of Ilam. pp. 597-598. (in Farsi)
Namasivayam, N. (2002). Hypolipidemic effect of Cuminum cyminum L. on alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Pharmacologial Research, 46(3), 251-255.
Noori Nowrozi, H. (2013). Study of chemical composition, digestibility and fermentation of Mallow (Mallva sylvesteri) and its effect on rumen fermentation in Arabic sheep. Master's thesis, University of Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources of Khouzestan. (in Farsi)
Ogimoto, K. & Imai, S. (1981). Atlas of rumen microbiology. Japan Sientific Societies Press, Tokyo.
Oskoueian, E., Norhani, A. & Oskoueian, A. (2013). Effects of Flavonoids on Rumen Fermentation Activity, Methane Production, and Microbial Population. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. BioMed Research International.Volume
, Article ID 349129, 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/349129
Owladshanbeh, Y., Sari, M., Chaji, M., Mohammadabadi, T. & Bojarpour, M. (2014). Investigating the effects of Salvia mirzayanii essential oil on rumen microbial fermentation and nutrient digestibility using gas production and dual flow continuous culture system. Iranian Journal of Animal Science, 6(1), 54-65. (in Farsi)
Patra, A .K. & Saxena, K. (2010). A new perspective on the use of plant secondary metabolites to inhibit methanogenesis in the rumen. Phytochemistry, 5-10.
Saeidi, S. & Dayani, A. (2014). The effect of different levels of fennel powder in starter diets on performance of Holstein calves. 6 th Animal Sciences Congress, University of Tabriz. (in Farsi)
Safari, H., Mohiti, M. & Dejamkhoei, M. (2014). The effect of different levels of dried powder of purslane on blood metabolites of fattening lambs. 6 th Animal Sciences Congress, University of Tabriz. (in Farsi)
Schinella, G.R., Tournier, H.A., Prieto, J.M., de Buschiazzo, P.M. & Rı́os, J.L. (2002). Antioxidant activity of anti-inflammatory plant extracts. Life Sciences, 70(9), 1023-33.
Shahabi, H. & Chashnidel, E. (2014). The effects of canola oil and oregano essential oil on performance, blood parameters, and chemical carcass compositions of Dalagh fattening lambs. Journal of Ruminants Research, 2(1), 34-36. (in Farsi)
Sherafati chaleshtari, F., Sherafati chaleshtari, R. & Momeni, M. (2008). Comparison of the antimicrobial effects of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Scrophularia striata on Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vitro
. Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Science
s, 32-37. (in Farsi)
Smith, H., Zoetendal, E. & Mackie, R.I. (2005). Bacterial mechanisms to overcome inhibitory effects of dietary tannins. Microbial Ecology, 50(2), 197-205.
Yeh, Y.Y. & Liu, L. (2001). Cholesterol-lowering effect of garlic extracts and organosulfur compounds: Human and animal studies. Journal of Nutrition, 131, 989-993.
Zaheri, M., Abrahimi Wasati Kalaei, S. & Charaghi, G. (2011). Air sections Scrophularia striata protective effect against nephrotoxicity of cadmium and mercury in mice. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences, 13(2), 38-53. (in Farsi)