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ارزیابی ژل رویال تزریقی با غلظت‌های مختلف هورمون eCG بر بازدة تولیدمثلی میش‌های عربی در فصل غیر تولیدمثل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان، ملاثانی، اهواز، ایران

2 استاد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان، ملاثانی، اهواز، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان، ملاثانی، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه ارزیابی اثر ژل‌رویال تزریقی در مقایسه با مقادیر مختلف هورمون eCG بر بازده تولید‌مثلی میش‌های عربی در برنامه‌های کوتاه و بلند مدت همزمانی فحلی در فصل غیر تولید مثلی بود. در این مطالعه از 72 میش دو تا پنج ساله نژاد عربی با میانگین وزنی 2/1 ± 8/38 کیلوگرم استفاده شد. میش‌ها به مدت 6 روز (36 رأس) و 12 روز (36 رأس)، اسفنج‌گذاری شدند و هنگام اسفنج‌برداری هر کدام از گروه‌ها به سه زیرگروه 12 تایی تقسیم شدند و به ترتیب 300، 600 واحد هورمون eCG و یک دز ترکیبی از 500 میلی‌گرم ‌ژل‌رویال و 300 واحد هورمون eCG(eCG-RJ) دریافت نمودند. درصد زایمان در تیمارهای دریافت‌کننده‌ی 600 واحد هورمون وeCG - RJنسبت به 300 واحد هورمون بالاتر بود (05/0> P). همچنین، درصد میش قصر و طول مدت آبستنی در این تیمارها نسبت به 300 واحد کمتر بود (05/0>P ). وزن از شیر‌گیری و همچنین برآورد درآمد خالص و ناخالص در میش‌های دریافت‌کننده‌یeCG -RJ نسبت به سایر تیمارها بالاتر بود (05/0>P ). از نظر درصد فحلی، چندقلوزایی و وزن اولیه بره اختلاف معنی‌داری در میان گروه‌های درمانی یافت نشد (05/0

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Compare royal jelly injection with different concentrations of eCG on Arabic ewe reproductive efficiency in non-breeding season

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Khalilavi 1
  • Morteza Mamoei 2
  • Saleh Tabatabaei 3
  • Morteza Chaji 3
1 M. Sc. Student, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal and Food Science, Ramin (Khuzestan) Agricultural and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal and Food Science, Ramin (Khuzestan) Agricultural and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Animal and Food Science, Ramin (Khuzestan) Agricultural and Natural Resources University, Mollasani, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of royal jelly injection in comparison with different doses of eCG on Arabian ewe's reproductive efficiency in the short and long term estrous synchronization programs in non-breeding season. 72 Arabic breed ewes with age of two to five-year and average weight of 38.8±1.2 kg were used. Ewes were receiving intravaginal sponges for 6 days (36) and 12 days (36). At the time of sponge removal, each group was divided into three subgroups of 12 ewes, and they received 300, 600 IU eCG and a combination of 500 mg royal jelly and 300 IU eCG (eCG-RJ), respectively. Fertility rate was greater in 600 IU eCG and RJ-eCG treatment than 300 IU ewes (P<0.05). Barren rate and gestation period were lower in this treatment compare to 300 IU ewes (P<0.05). Weaning weight and net income and gross income were greater in RJ-eCG treatment than other groups (P<0.05). Oestrus incidence, prolificacy rate and mean of birth weight were not different between the treatments (P>0.05). Results demonstrate that MAP sponge with 6 days priming for oestrus induction in anoestrus ewes was as effective as 12-day treatment. Also, the treatments of RJ-eCG and 600 IU eCG in conjunction with sponge-MAP were similarly effective in induction of oestrus and improvement of fertility. However, from economic point of view, treatment of RJ-eCG showed better results and can be used to enhance the reproductive efficiency in the livestock.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Benefit
  • oestrus synchronization
  • sponge
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