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تأثیر نانوذرات اکسید روی و باسیلوس‌کوآگولانس بر عملکرد، جمعیت میکروبی و فراسنجه‌های خونی جوجه‌های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدة کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

چکیده

این پژوهش به‌منظور ارزیابی تأثیر نانو‌ذرات اکسید روی و ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش (پروبیوتیک) بر عملکرد، جمعیت میکروبی و فراسنجه‌های خون جوجه‌های خروس (راس 308) انجام شد. این آزمایش با 288 قطعه جوجه در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی با شش تیمار، چهار تکرار و دوازده جوجه در هر تکرار به اجرا درآمد. تیمارها شامل: 1) شاهد حاوی میزان استاندارد اکسید روی (100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم)، 2) شاهد + 100 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش، 3 و 4) جیرۀ پایه به اضافه 25 و 50 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم نانو اکسید روی، 5 و6) جیرۀ پایه به اضافه 25 و 50 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم نانو ‌اکسید روی و 100 میلی­گرم ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش، بودند. درکل دورۀ آزمایش استفاده از نانو‌اکسید روی با ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش سبب افزایش وزن بدن و بهبود ضریب تبدیل غذایی جوجه‌های گوشتی در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد شد (05/0P <). شمار باکتری‌های کلی فرم و لاکتوباسیل روده در جوجه‌های تغذیه‌شده با 50 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم نانو‌اکسید روی به همراه ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش به ترتیب کمتر و بیشتر از جوجه‌های مربوط به گروه شاهد بودند (05/0P <). میزان پروتئین کل و آلبومین سرم در جوجه‌های تغذیه‌شده با 50 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم نانو ‌اکسید روی به همراه ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش از جوجه‌های مربوط به تیمار شاهد بیشتر بود (05/0P <). به‌طورکلی استفاده از نانو‌ذرات اکسید روی به همراه ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش سبب بهبود عملکرد و تعدیل جمعیت میکروبی ‌شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of zinc oxid nanoparticle and Bacillus coagulans on performance, microbial population and blood parameters in broiler chickens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Khajeh Bami 1
  • Mohsen Afsharmanesh 2
1 M. Sc. Student, Department of Animal Science, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

This experiment was conducted to study the effect of zinc oxid nanoparticle and probiotic on performance, microbial population and blood parameters in broiler chickens (Ross 308). The experimental was done in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments, 4 replications and 12 chickens in each replication (288 chicks). The experimental treatments were 1) control diet with standard zinc oxid (100 mg/kg) 2) control diet plus 100 mg/kg probiotic, 3,4) basal diet plus 25 and 50 mg/kg zinc oxid nanoparticle, 5,6) basal diet plus 25 and 50 mg/kg zinc oxid nanoparticle plus probiotic. In the whole of experimental period, the using zinc oxid nanoparticle with probiotic significantly improved body weight and FCR compare to control group (P<0.05). The colony counts of coliform and lactobacillus bacteria in chickens fed with 50 mg/kg zinc oxid nanoparticle along with probiotic were significantly lower and higher than control group respectivily (P<0.05). Total protein and albumin in serum of chickens which received 50 mg/kg zinc oxid nanoparticle along with probiotic were significantly higher compare to control (P<0.05). In conclusion, zinc oxid nanoparticle with probiotic caused an improvement in performance parameters and count of benefit microbial bacteria.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • broiler chicks
  • Immunity
  • Intestinal microflora
  • Probiotic
  • Zinc
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