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تأثیر منابع مختلف زیست‌یاری بر عملکرد و برخی فراسنجه های خونی بزغاله های بومی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم درمانگاهی، دانشکدۀ دامپزشکی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

چکیده

در این پژوهش به­منظور بررسی تأثیر منابع مختلف ریزاندامگان سلامت‌بخش (Probiotics) یا زیست‌یار بر عملکرد پروار و برخی فراسنجه­های خونی بزغاله­های بومی در حال رشد، ­­از 24 رأس بزغالۀ بومی با میانگین وزنی 6/0±19 کیلوگرم و سن 10±120 روز در قالب یک طرح کامل تصادفی با چهار تیمار و شش تکرار استفاده شد. بزغاله­ها پس از طی دو هفته دورۀ عادت‌پذیری به جایگاه­های انفرادی و جیرۀ پایه، به مدت 74 روز با جیره­های آزمایشی تغذیه شدند. تیمارها شامل: 1- گروه شاهد تغذیه‌شده با جیرۀ پایه بدون مادۀ افزودنی، 2- گروه تغذیه‌شده با جیرۀ پایه و 1 گرم در روز زیست‌یار با نام تجاری پروتکسین، 3- گروه تغذیه‌شده با جیرۀ پایه و دو گرم مخمر با نام تجاری لووسل اس- سی2 و 4- گروه تغذیه‌شده با جیرۀ پایه و ترکیب 1 گرم مخمر لووسل اس- سی2 و 5/0 گرم پروتکسین. نمونه­­گیری از خوراک مصرفی و خون برای تعیین برخی فراسنجه­ها انجام شد. خوراک مصرفی و تغییرپذیری وزن به‌صورت روزانه محاسبه شد. نتایج نشان داد که مصرف زیست­‌یارها تأثیر معنی­داری بر افزایش وزن روزانه و وزن نهایی، ضریب تبدیل غذایی و همچنین نیتروژن اوره­ای، پروتئین کل و گلوبولین خون نسبت به گروه شاهد نداشت (05/0<P). تیمار دریافت‌کنندۀ پروتکسین (تیمار 2) بیشترین غلظت گلوکز، آلبومین، تری­گلیسیرید و کلسترول نسبت به دیگر تیمارها را داشت (05/0>P).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different sources of probiotics on performance and some blood parameters of indigenous kid’s

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behnam Rezaie KHormenany 1
  • Saeid KarimiDehkordi 2
  • Abdolnaser Mohebi 3
1 Former M.Sc. Student, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary, Shahrekord University, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this research to evaluate the effects of probiotic on the growth and some serum biochemical parameters of growing native kid’s, 24 kid’s, with 19.2± 0.7 kg body weight and 120± 10 days of age were used in a  completely randomized design with four treatments and six repeats. These four groups included: 1- The control group was fed on a basal diet (without probiotic or yeast). 2- The second group received basal diet plus one g/day protexin for each kid. 3- The third group was fed on basal diet and two g/day Levocil SC2 yeast, for each kid and 4- The fourth group was fed on basal diet plus one g/day of Levocil SC2 yeast and a half g/day of protexin for each kid. After 14 days adaptation to experimental pens, the kids had free access to experimental diets among 74 days. Daily dry matter intake (DMI), and animal weight changes were recorded. Blood samples were collected from kids. According to the result, there were non-significant differences in treatments concerning, DMI daily gain and feed conversion ratio (P>0.05). Also concentration of some blood parameters such as blood urea nitrogen, total protein, globulin were not affected by probiotics (P>0.05). Glucose, albumin, triglyceride and cholesterol concentration of kid’s serum in group 2 (protexin treatment) were higher than other groups (P<0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bacterial probiotic
  • blood factors
  • kid
  • non-bacterial probiotics
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