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تأثیر افزودن موننسین و متافیکس به جیره بر تولید و ترکیب شیر، فراسنجه های شکمبه و متابولیت‌های سرم خون در گاوهای شیردۀ هلشتاین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان

3 استاد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان

4 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی و ارزیابی تأثیر افزودن موننسین و متافیکس (ترکیبی از اسیدهای دی‌کربوکسیلیک آلی مالات و فومارات) به جیره بر تولید و ترکیب شیر، فراسنجه­های تخمیر شکمبه و غلظت متابولیت‌های خون از چهار رأس گاو شیردۀ هلشتاین چند شکم­زا با میانگین وزنی 12±657 کیلوگرم و روزهای شیردهی 41±133 روز استفاده شد. گاوها به­طور تصادفی به جیره‌های آزمایشی شامل: 1) جیرة پایه به‌عنوان شاهد (بدون افزودنی)، 2) جیرۀ حاوی 24 میلی‌گرم موننسین در هر کیلوگرم مادۀ خشک، 3) جیرۀ حاوی 5 گرم متافیکس در هر کیلوگرم مادۀ خشک و 4) جیرۀ حاوی 24 میلی­گرم در کیلوگرم موننسین و 5 گرم در کیلوگرم مادۀ خشک متافیکس اختصاص داده شدند. افزودن موننسین با و یا بدون متافیکس به‌طور معنی‌داری مادۀ خشک مصرفی را کاهش و تولید و بازدۀ شیر را افزایش داد (05/0>P). افزودن موننسین به‌تنهایی به جیره­ها باعث گرایش به افزایش غلظت پروپیونات و کاهش معنی­دار غلظت استات، بوتیرات و نسبت استات به پروپیونات در شکمبه شد (05/0>P). افزودن موننسین به جیرۀ گاوهای شیرده در اواسط دورۀ شیردهی باعث افزایش معنی­دار غلظت تری­گلیسریدهای سرم در مقایسه با گاوهای گروه شاهد و گروه دریافت‌کنندۀ متافیکس شد (05/0>P). افزودن متافیکس به‌تنهایی به جیره باعث افزایش معنی­دار پروتئین کل در سرم خون شد (05/0>P). غلظت انسولین سرم درنتیجه افزودن موننسین و متافیکس به‌تنهایی در مقایسه با دیگر تیمارها کاهش یافت (05/0>P). افزودن همزمان موننسین و متافیکس ولی غلظت تری­گلیسیریدها و پروتئین کل در خون گاوهای شیرده را افزایش داد (05/0>P).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of monensin supplementation alone or in combination with Methafix on milk production and composition, ruminal parameters and serum metabolites of lactating dairy cows

نویسندگان [English]

  • Arash Azarfar 1
  • Younes Satari 2
  • Ali Kiani 1
  • Heshmatollah Khosarvinia 3
  • Majid Khaldari 4
1 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Lorestan University, Iran
2 M. Sc. Student, Department of Animal Sciences, Lorestan University, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Lorestan University, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Lorestan University, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of inclusion of monensin alone or in combination with Methafix (a commercial product containing malate and fumarate) in the diets of lactating dairy cows on ruminal parameters and serum metabolites. Four multiparous Holstein lactating dairy cows (657± 12 kg of live weight; 133 ± 41days in milk) were assigned to one of the four dietary treatments. The first treatment was the control diet(C), second was control diet supplemented with 24 mg of monensin/kg of DM (M), the third was control diet supplemented with 5 g of Methafix/kg DM (ME) and the fourth treatment was C diet supplemented with 24 mg of monensin in combination with 5 g of Methafix/kg DM (MM). Dietary supplementation with Monensin alone or in combination with Metafix significantly decreased dry matter intake (P<0.05), while the intake of crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and non-fiber carbohydrates (NFC) were not affected. Utilization efficiency of dry matter for milk production was higher in monensin and Methafix-supplemented cows than in control cows (P<0.05). Dietary supplementation with monensin decreased rumen concentrations of acetate and the ratio of acetate to propionate (A:P; P<0.05). Serum concentration of triglycerides (TGs) was higher in M-fed cows compared to the C and ME-fed cows (P<0.05). Serum concentration of total proteins (TP) was higher in ME-fed cows than in the C-fed cows (P<0.05). Feeding dairy cows with a combination of monensin and Methafix increased serum concentration of TGs and TP compared to the control animals (P<0.05).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dairy Cows
  • methafix
  • monensin
  • rumen fermentation
  • serum metabolites
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