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کارایی گاوداری‌های شیری سنتی: پیامدها و راهکارهای ارتقای آن‌ها در استان مازندران (کاربرد تحلیل پوششی داده‌های فازی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، اقتصاد کشاورزی پردیس بین‌الملل دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 استاد، اقتصاد کشاورزی پردیس بین‌الملل دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

دامداری‌های سنتی می‌توانند یکی از متولیان اصلی تولید شیر در کشور به شمار روند. با توجه به محدودیت‌های مربوط به تغذیۀ دام و همچنین افزایش قیمت نهاده‌های مورد نیاز دامداران و نبود امکان دسترسی کافی و مناسب به این نهاده‌ها، برنامۀ افزایش کارایی واحدهای دامپروری می‌تواند از بهترین برنامه‌ها در این حوزه باشد که علاوه بر کاهش هزینه‌ها و سودآوری بیشتر، سبب افزایش قدرت رقابتی واحدهای تولیدی نیز می‌شود. با توجه به این مهم در این پژوهش کارایی واحدهای گاوداری شیری سنتی در استان مازندران با استفاده از مدل تحلیل پوششی داده‌های فازی و با استفاده از اطلاعات 64 گله که به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شده‌اند، در سال 1393 ارزیابی شده است. نتایج بیانگر متفاوت‌بودن کارایی دامداران به ازای مقادیر مختلف α در گروه‌های سه‌گانۀ اندازۀ دامداری، است. نتایج برآورد مدل نشان داد که کارایی دامداران گروه دوم (بین 6 تا 10 رأس دام) از همه بیشتر و کارایی دامداران گروه اول (کمتر از 6 رأس دام) از همه کمتر است و کارایی دامداران گروه سوم (بیش از 10 رأس دام) در حد متوسط قرار دارد. این نتایج نشان‌دهندۀ استفادۀ بهینه‌تر گروه دوم از نهاده‌های در دسترس، در مقایسه با دو گروه دیگر است. با توجه به اینکه مشکلات مالی دامداران برای استفاده از نهاده‌ها و همچنین قیمت کم شیر از دلایل اصلی عدم کارایی تولید شیر است، اعطای یارانه به شیر تولیدی و نیز خرید تضمینی شیر به برنامه‌ریزان این عرصه پیشنهاد شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficiency of traditional dairy farms in Mazandaran province: implications and recommendations for improvement (fuzzy data envelopment analysis)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sasan Torabi 1
  • Mohammad Ghorbani 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Agricultural Economics, International Campus of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Professor, Agricultural Economics, International Campus of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Traditional dairy farm can be one of the main entities of milk production in the country. Regarding livestock feed limitations and the rise in price and shortage of necessary inputs in Iran, the policy of boosting the efficiency of stock units, could be one of the good policies to reduce the costs, produces more benefits and increases the competitiveness among the units. Taking in to account the importance of this issue, this study attempted to assess the efficiency of Mazandaran traditional dairy farms, using fuzzy data envelopment analysis. The data were collected using interviews and 64 questionnaires with random sampling in 2014. The data indicates the difference of dairy farmer's efficiency for different amounts of α in 3 categories. The results indicated that the efficiency of the second group (from 6 to 10 cattle) is more than the other two groups and the efficiency of the first dairy farm (less than 6 cattle) is less than others and the efficiency of the third group (more than 10 cattle) is average. These results indicate that more efficient use of available inputs in the second group in comparison with the other two groups. Taking into account that financial problems for using inputs and low price of milk are main reasons for non-efficiency of milk production in these farms, allocating subsidies to produced milk and guaranteed purchase of milk is suggested to the planners.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Envelopment Analysis
  • fuzzy data
  • Mazandaran
  • non-efficiency
  • traditional dairy farms
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