Aeineh Chi, Y. (1989). Materia Medicaand Medicinal Plants. Tehran University Publications. (In Farsi)
Albert-Puleo, M. (1980). Fennel and anise as estrogenic agents. Journal of Ethnopharmacol, 24, 337-344.
Albright, J.L. (1993). Nutrition and feeding calves: feeding behavior of dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 76, 485-498.
Bampidis, V.A., Christodoulou, V., Florou-Paneri, P. & Christaki, E. (2006). Effect of dried oregano leaves versus neomycin in treating newborn calves with Colibacillosis. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 53, 154-156.
Benchaar, C., Mcallister, T.A. & Chouinard, P.Y. (2008). Digestion, ruminal fermentation, ciliate protozoal populations, and milk production from dairy cows fed cinnamaldehyde, quebracho condensed tannin, or yucca schidigera saponin extracts. Journal of Dairy Science, 91, 4765-4777.
Calsamiglia, S., Busquet, M., Cardozo, P.W., Castillejos, L. & Ferret, A. (2007). Essential oils as modifiers of rumen microbial fermentation. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 2580-2595.
Cardozo, P.W., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A. & Kamel, C. (2006). Effects of alfalfa extract, anise, capsicum and a mixture of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol on ruminal fermentation and protein degradation in beef heifers fed a high concentrate diet. Journal of Animal Science, 84, 2801-2808.
Carlotto, S.B.‚ Olive, C.J.‚ Viegas, J.‚ Stiles, D.A.‚ Gabbi, A.M., Brustolin, K.D.‚ Charao, P.S.‚ Rossarolla, G. & Ziech, M. (2006). Performance and behavior of dairy calves fed diets containing milk and citric flavor agents. Cienc Agrotec Lavras, 31, 889-895.
Chaves, A.V., Stanford, K., Gibson, L., Mcallister, T.A. & Benchaar, C. (2008). Effects of carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde on intake, rumen fermentation, growth performance, and carcass characteristics of growing lambs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145, 396-408.
Chiofalo, V., Liotta, L., Fiumano, R., Riolo, E.B. & Chiofalo, B. (2012). Influence of dietary supplementation of rosmarinus officinalis L. on performances of dairy ewes organically managed. Journal of Small Ruminant Research, 104, 122-128.
Cole, N.A., Camp, T.H., Rowe, L.D. & Stevens, D.G. (1988). Effect of transport on feeder calves. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 49, 178-183.
Franklin, J.L., Grimes, J. & Sheldon, B. (2006). Novel pre-harvest approaches to control enteric foodborn bacteria in poultry. Ph. D. dissertation, University of North Carolina state.
Garcia-Gonzalez, R., Lopez, S., Fernandez, M. & Gonzalez, J.S. (2008). Dose–response effects of Rheum officinale root and Frangula alnus bark on ruminal methane production in vitro. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145, 319-334.
Godfrey, N.W. (1961). The functional development in the calf. I. Growth of the stomach of the calf. Journal of Agricultural Science, 57, 173-175.
Hoshmandi, Z., Reiyahi Madvar, A., Yousefi, F., Nori Zadeh, A., Bakhtiyari, N. & Hemati, R.A. (2012). Biochemistry of hormones and signaling pathways (1st ed.). Tehran: Biology house Publications. (In Farsi)
Hulbert, L.E., Cobb, C.J., Carroll, J.A. & Ballou, M.A. (2011). The effects of early weaning on innate immune responses of Holstein calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 94, 2545-2556.
Khan, M.I., Lee, H.J., Lee, W.I., Kim, H.S., Kim, S.B., Ki, K.S., Park, S.J., Ha, J.K. & Choi, Y.J. (2007). Starch source evaluation in calf starter: feed consumption, body weight gain, structural growth, and blood metabolites in Holstein calves. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 5259-5268.
Lyfoed, S.J. & Huber, J.T. (1988). Digestion, Metalism and Nutrient Needs in Pre Rruminants. In: The Ruminant Animal: Digestive Physiology and Nutrition. D. C. Church, ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. (PP. 401).
Mohammadi, G.H., Mehri, R. & Ahmadi, A. (2010). Effect of probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCMA - 1079 on health and blood parameters of Holstein calves. Iranian Journal of Animal sciences, 2(1), 19-32. (In Farsi)
Morrill, J. & Dayton, A.D. (1978). Effect of feed flavor in milk and calf starter on feed consumption and growth. Journal of Dairy Science, 61, 229-232.
Morrill, J. (1992). The Calf: Birth to 12 weeks. Chapter 41 in Large Dairy Herd Management, edited by H. H. Van Horn and C. J. Wilcox, Champaign. Journal of Dairy Science, 401-410.
Saremi, B., Naserian, A.A., Bannayan, M. & Shahriary, F. (2004). Effect of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on rumen bacterial population and performance of Holstein female calves. Agricultural Sciences and Technology, 18, 91-103. (In Farsi)
SAS. (2005). SAS User’s Guide. SAS Institute Inc. Version 9.1. Cary, NC, USA.
Sepehri, H., Rastgar Farajzadeh, A. & Ghasemi, K. (2011). Textbook of Medical Physiology. (2nd ed.). Tehran: Guyton & Hall. (In Farsi)
Soltan, M.A. (2009). Effect of essential oils supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, health condition of Holstein male calves during pre- and post- weaning periods. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8, 642-652.
Tager, L. R. & Krause, K. M. (2011). Effects of essential oils on rumen fermentation, milk production and feeding behavior in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 94, 2455-2464.
Thomas, L., Wright, T.C., Formusiak, A., Cant, J.P. & Osborne, V.R. (2007). Use of flavored drinking water in calves and lactating dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 90(8), 3831-3837.
Thomsen, N.K. & Rindsig, R.B. (1980). Influence of similarly flavored milk replacers and starters on calf starter consumption and growth. Journal of Dairy Science, 63, 1864-1868.
Waghorn, G.C. & McNabb, W.C. (2003). Consequences of plant phenolic compounds for productivity and health of ruminants. In Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 62, 383-392.
Wardrop, I.D. (1961). Some preliminary observations on the histological development of the forestomachs of the lamb. 1: Histologicalchanges due to age in the period from 46 days of foetal life to 77 days post-natal life. Journal of Agricultural Science, 57, 335-341.