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تأثیر پودر رازیانه در جیره استارتر بر عملکرد، سیستم‌ایمنی و پارامترهای بیومتریک گوساله‌های شیری هلشتاین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تغذیۀ دام، گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

3 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر افزودن پودر رازیانه (Foeniculum vulgare) در جیرۀ استارتر بر عملکرد، سیستم ایمنی و پارامترهای بیومتریک گوساله‌های شیری هلشتاین از 30 رأس گوساله هلشتاین (15 رأس نر و 15 رأس ماده) با میانگین وزن تولد 5/0 ± 40 کیلوگرم در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی استفاده شد. جیره‌های آزمایشی شامل: 1. استارتر بدون پودر رازیانه (شاهد)، 2. استارتر دارای 4/0 درصد پودر رازیانه و 3. استارتر دارای 8/0 درصد پودر رازیانه بود. میانگین مصرف مادۀ خشک در گوساله‌ها در کل دوره با اضافه‌کردن پودر رازیانه افزایش یافت (05/0>P). میانگین افزایش وزن روزانۀ گوساله‌ها با 4/0 درصد پودر رازیانه، حداکثر بود (05/ >P). گوساله‌های تغذیه‌شده با جیره‌های آزمایشی دارای پودر رازیانه در مقایسه با گروه شاهد میانگین، سن از شیرگیری کمتری داشتند و شیر کمتری مصرف کردند (05/0>P). اثر جیره‌های آزمایشی بر میانگین قوام مدفوع در دورۀ پیش از شیرگیری، پس از شیرگیری و کل دوره معنا‌دار بود (05/0>P). در دو هفته پس از ازشیرگیری، ائوزینوفیل خون گوساله‌ها تحت تأثیر جیره‌های آزمایشی قرار گرفت (05/0 >P). در نتیجه افزودن 4/0 درصد پودر رازیانه در جیرۀ آغازین گوساله‌های شیری هلشتاین سبب کاهش سن از شیرگیری، بهبود عملکرد و کاهش ائوزینوفیل‌ها شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of using fennel powder in starter diets on performance, immunity system and biometric parameters of Holstein calves

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sara Saeedi 1
  • Omid Dayani 2
  • Amin Khezri 3
  • Reza Tahmasbi 3
1 M.Sc. Student of Animal Science, Department of Animal Science Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of adding Fennel powder (Foeniculum vulgare) in starter diet on performance, immunity system and biometric parameters of Holstein calves, 30 Holstein calves (15 males and 15 females) with birth weight of 40±0.5 kg were used in a completely randomized design. Experimental diets were: 1. starter without Fennel powder (control), 2. starter containing 0.4% Fennel powder and 3) starter with 0.8% of the Fennel powder. Average dry matter intake of calves increased by adding Fennel powder (P<0.05). Average daily gain of calves was highest with 0.4% of the Fennel powder (P<0.05). The average of weaning age and milk intake were lower in calves fed with fennel powder than control group (P<0.05). Effect of experimental diets on average fecal consistency in the period before weaning, after weaning and the total period were significant (P<0.05) only for two weeks after weaning. Blood eosinophil of calves were affected by the experimental diets (P<0.05). Thus, adding 0.4% Fennel powder in starter diet improves performance of Holstein dairy calves and reduces weaning age and eosinophils.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • fennel powder
  • Holstein calf
  • performance
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