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آثار استفاده از دو سطح اکسید روی با اندازه ذرات متفاوت بر عملکرد تولید مثلی مرغ‌ها و ‏خروس‌های مادر گوشتی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تغذیه طیور، گروه علوم دامی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

2 استاد، گروه علوم دامی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

3 دانشیار، گروه علوم دامی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج

چکیده

در تحقیق حاضر اثر سطوح و اندازه ذرات مختلف اکسید روی بر عملکرد تولید مثلی مرغ‌ها و خروس‌های مادر گوشتی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. از تعداد 200 قطعه مرغ مادر گوشتی سویه راس 308 به صورت طرح کاملاً تصادفی با 4 تیمار، 5 تکرار و 10 پرنده در هر تکرار و 24 قطعه خروس مادر گوشتی سویه راس 308 در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با چهار تیمار، شش تکرار و یک پرنده در هر تکرار در سن 54 هفتگی استفاده شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل جیره حاوی 70 میلی­گرم روی از منبع اکسید روی با اندازه ذرات بزرگ(LPZnO-70)، 100 میلی­گرم روی از منبع اکسید روی با اندازه ذرات بزرگ (LPZnO-100)، 70 میلی­گرم روی از منبع اکسید روی با اندازه ذرات کوچک (SPZnO-70) و 100 میلی­گرم روی از منبع اکسید روی با اندازه ذرات کوچک (SPZnO-100) در هر کیلوگرم خوراک بودند. نتایج نشان دادند که تیمارهای آزمایشی بر تولید تخم‌مرغ، وزن بدن، وزن تخم‌مرغ و وزن زرده تخم‌مرغ تاثیر معنی‌داری نداشتند. ضخامت پوسته تخم‌مرغ در کل دوره آزمایش در تیمار حاوی SPZnOبیشتر از LPZnO بود (001/0P<). بالاترین و پایین­ترین میزان باروری و جوجه­درآوری به‌ترتیب در تیمارهای حاوی SPZnO-100وLPZnO-70مشاهده شد. بیشترین میزان حجم مایع منی در تیمارهای حاوی SPZnO-100 و LPZnO -100 مشاهده شد (05/0P<). به‌طور کلی می­توان نتیجه گرفت که SPZnO به دلیل قابلیت دسترسی بالاتر، تأثیر مطلوب­تری بر فراسنجه­های تولیدمثلی گله­های مادر گوشتی دارد. از آنجایی ­که سطح 100 میلی­گرم روی در هر کیلوگرم جیره از هر دو منبع اکسید روی عملکرد تولیدمثلی بهتری را به همراه داشت، استفاده از SPZnO -100 توصیه می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of zinc oxide levels with different particles sizes on reproductive ‎performance of hens and roosters of broiler breeders ‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Barzegar 1
  • Mojtaba Zaghari 2
  • Mahdi Zhandi 3
  • Mostafa Sadeghi 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, ‎University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran‎
2 Professor, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran‎
3 Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, ‎Iran
چکیده [English]

In this research the effects of different levels and particle sizes of zinc oxide on reproductive performance of hens and roosters of broiler breeders were evaluated. A total of 200 female Ross 308 broiler breeders in a completely randomized design with 4 treatments, 5 replicates and 5 birds per each replication, and 24 male Ross 308 broiler breeders in a completely randomized design with 4 treatments, 6 replicates and one bird per each replication at 54 weeks of age were used. The experimental treatments included the diets containing 70 mg zinc from zinc oxide with large particle size (LPZnO-70), 100 mg zinc from zinc oxide with large particle size (LPZnO-100), 70 mg zinc from zinc oxide with small particle size (SPZnO-70) and 100 mg zinc from zinc oxide with small particle size (SPZnO-100). The results indicated that the experimental treatments had no significant effect on egg production, body weight, egg weight and egg yolk weight. In the entire experimental period, the egg shell thickness was significantly higher in treatment containing SPZnO than LPZnO (P<0.001). The highest and lowest fertility and hatchability ratioes were observed in treatments containing SPZnO-100and LPZnO-70, respectively. The highest semen volume was observed in roosters of treatments containing SPZnO-100 and LPZnO-100 (P< 0.05). Generally, it can be concluded that SPZnO has a more desirable effect on reproductive parameters of broiler breeders due to its higher bioavailability. Since the level of 100 mg zinc per kg of diet from both sources of zinc oxide resulted in better reproductive performance, the utilization of SPZnO-100 might be recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Broiler Breeder
  • fertility
  • hatchability
  • Sperm
  • Zinc oxide
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