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دانش و نگرش دامداران هدف طرح الگویی همزمان‌سازی فحلی در گوسفند دربارة این فناوری در استان‌های مرکزی و فارس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی دانشکدة کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه اراک

2 استادیار، گروه علوم ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشکدة کشاورزی دانشگاه شیراز

3 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه اراک

4 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

افزایش بازده تولید مثلی از عوامل اساسی افزایش بازده اقتصادی و بقای دامداران متوسط و خرده‌پاست. تحقق این مهم مستلزم تحقیقات مشارکتی و برنامه‌های ترویجی با همکاری دامداران است. در تحقیق توصیفی-همبستگی حاضر، وضعیت همة دامداران هدف طرح همزمان‌سازی فحلی (دام سبک) در استان‌های مرکزی (11نفر) و فارس (12 نفر) از نظر دانش و نگرش دربارة این فناوری مطالعه شد. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌های مورد نیاز از ابزار پرسشنامه و نیز مصاحبة عمیق استفاده شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان داد که دانش فنی دامداران هدف طرح دربارة همزمان‌سازی فحلی در حد متوسط قرار داشت. همچنین نگرش عاطفی، کاربردی و معرفتی مشارکت‌کنندگان دربارة فناوری همزمان‌سازی فحلی در سطح مطلوبی بود و پایین‌ترین مطلوبیت، مربوط به دانش کاربردی پاسخگویان بود. وجود مسائلی مانند رعایت‌نکردن برخی نکات از سوی دامداران (مانند تعداد ناکافی قوچ در زمان جفت‌گیری، تغذیة ناقص در زمان فحلی)، برگزارنشدن دورة آموزشی از سوی مجریان، نبود شاخص مناسب در انتخاب دامدار و مکمل‌نبودن برنامه‌های آموزشی با اجرایی در برنامة طرح مانع گسترش مطلوب این فناوری در بین دامداران شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The knowledge and attitudes of target livestock producers of ewe estrous synchronization model plan in Markazi and Fars provinces

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Khodaei Motlagh 1
  • Naser Zamani-Miandashti 2
  • Amir Hossein Khaltabadi-Farahani 3
  • Mohammad Yahyaei 4
1 Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and natural resources, Arak University, Arak, Iran
2 Deptartment of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and natural resources, Arak University, Arak, Iran
4 Department of New Sciences and Technologies, Life Science Engineering Group, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

The increase of reproduction performance is one of the critical factors for improving economic achievement and sustaining small and middle scale livestock producing. For this to happen, participatory research and extension programs should be implemented with the help of livestock producers. In the present study, the knowledge and attitudes of target livestock producers of ewe estrous synchronization model plan in Markazi (N=11) and Fars (N=12) provinces were investigated. The data were collected using questionnaires and in-depth interviews. The results indicated that producers obtained an average score in the knowledge test. The respondents’ attitudes towards the technology were positive. The main factors preventing the technology to be extended among neighbourhood livestock producers included: lack of attention to some of the advices (e.g., small number of rams when mating, and inappropriate feeding), not providing educational programs by organizers, lack of appropriate indicators to choose target producers, and lack of a complementary and tuned relations between educational programs and practice.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ewe estrous synchronization
  • Livestock producer
  • Affective attitude
  • Cognitive attitude
  • Behavioural attitude

 

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