The effects of different levels of Nasturtium officinalis medicinal plant on the performance, carcass traits, blood biochemical and antioxidant parameters in broiler chickens

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.Sc. Student of Animal Science, Islamic Azad University-Maragheh Branch, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Animal Science, Islamic Azad University-Maragheh Branch, Iran


This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of Nasturtium officinalis(NO)medicinal plant powder on performance, carcass quality traits, blood biochemical and antioxidant parameters of broilers from 11 to 42 days in two experimental periods: grower (11 to 24 days) and finisher (25 to 42 days). In this experiment 280 Ross- 308 broilers (male and female) were used completely randomized design with 5 treatments, 4 replicates per treatment and 14 birds in each replicate. Experimental groups included: 1) control group (without NO), 2) group with 0.5% NO, 3) group with 1% NO, 3) group with 1.5% NO and 5) group with 2% NO. The results showed that using of NO without having any significant effects in carcass quality traits, blood biochemical and antioxidant parameters, affect the performance of broilers in grower, finisher and total periods (p<0.05). In these periods, using 1% of NO powder in broilers diets improved the amount of daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio. The lowest amount of daily weight gain and the highest feed conversion ratio were observed in control group. The highest body weight was obtained with 1.5% of NO. In conclusion using 1% Nasturtium officinalispowder in broiler diets can improve their performance.


  1. Cowan, M. M. (1999). Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clinical Microbiology Review, 12, 564-582.
  2. Cross, D. E., Mcdevitt, R. M., Hillman, K. & Acamovic, T. (2007). The effect of herbs and their associated essential oils on performance, dietary digestibility and gut microflora in chickens from 7 to 28 days of age. British Poultry Science, 48, 496-506.
  3. Faix, Š., Faixová, Z., Plachá1, I. & Koppel, J. (2009). Effect of Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oils on antioxidative status in broiler chickens. Acta Veterinary Brno, 78, 411-417.
  4. Friedewald, W., Levy, R. & Fredrickson, D.S. (1972). Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clinical Chemestry, 18(6), 499-502.
  5. Ghini, M. H., Roghani, M. & AlAgha, A. (2010). The effect of use of nasturtium officinale on the level of blood glucose and reconstruction of beta cells in diabetic rats. Medicinal Journal, 73, 53-61.
  6. Khaligh, F., Sadeghi, G., Karimi, A. & Vaziry, A. (2011). Evaluation of different medicinal plants blends in diets for broiler chickens. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(10), 1971-1977.
  7. Khosravi Manesh, M. (2011). Evaluation of two medicinal plants extract in diets of Japanese quails. Annals of Biological Research, 2(6), 657-661.
  8. Khosravi Manesh, M., Kazemi, S. & Asfari, M. (2012). Influence of poly germander (Teucrium polium) and watercress (Nasturtium officinale) extract on performance, carcass quality and blood metabolites of male broilers. Research Opinion in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 2(2), 66-68.
  9. Lee, K. W., Everts, H. & Beynen, A. C. (2004). Essential oils in broiler nutrition. International Journal of Poultry Science, 3, 738-752.
  10. Mazandarani, M., Momeji, A. & Moghaddam, P. Z. (2013). Evaluation of phytochemical and antioxidant activities from different parts of Nasturtium officinale R. Br. in Mazandaran. Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology, 3(2), 659-664.
  11. Ozen, T. (2009). Investigation of antioxidant properties of nasturtium officinale (watercress) leaf extracts. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica-Drug Research, 66(2), 187-193.
  12. Rathert, T. Ç., Gökmen, C. & Gürbüz, Y. (2010). Effect of watercress (Nasturtium Officinale) on egg quality, yolk color and yolk fatty acid composition in laying hens. Arch Geflügelk, 74(3), S. 178-182.
  13. SAS Institute. (2004). SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Version 9.1 Edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
  14. Strange, E. D. & Benedict, R. C. (1977). Evaluation of rapid tests for monitoring alterations in meat quality during storage. Journal of Food Protection, 40, 843-847.
  15. Young, J. F., Stagsted, J., Jensen, S. K., Karlsson, A. H. & Henckel, P. (2003). Ascorbic acid, α-Tocopherol, and Oregano supplements reduce stress-induced deterioration of chicken meat quality. Poultry Science, 82, 1343-1351.
  16. Zaki, A. A., Elbarawy, A. M. & Darwish, A. S. (2011). Biochemical studies on the effect of nasturtium officinalis plant extract in chickens fed raw soya bean meals. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(9), 755-761.