Document Type : Research Paper
Associate Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
Amino acid (AA) content of six meat and bone meal (MBM) samples was determined by ion-exchange chromatography. True AA digestibility of amino acids were determined of using precise sibbald's feeding method. Metionin and Lucien, with averages of 0.35 and 2.29 percent, had the lowest and highest values among essential AA of MBM samples. Average content of individual AA, sum of essential and non-essential AA and sum of AA values were lower than the corresponding values in NRC (1994). Individual digestibility values of AA, sum of essential and non-essential AA, Sulfur AA and sum of AA were not significant different among MBM samples Except Met and Pro (p<0.05). Average digestibility values of Cys and Arg were 73.7 and 89.4 percent which were respectively the lowest and highest AA digestibility values among MBM samples. It was concluded that AA digestibility values of MBM samples were at high levels but due to their low content MBM samples, their digestible AA content values were at low levels.
- Association of official analytical chemists. (1990). Official methods of analysis, 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC. 69-70
- Applegate, T.., Thompson, K. & Dudley-Cash, W.A. (2004). Amino acid digestibilities needed for poultry rations. Feedstuffs, 76, 30, 1-15.
- Angkanaporn, K., Ravindran, V. & Bryden, W. L. (1996). Additivty of apparent and true ileal amino acid digestibilities in soybean meal, sunflower meal and meat and bone meal for broilers. Poultry Science, 75, 1098-1103.
- Dastar, B., Golian, A. & Campbell, L. (2000). Effect of cecum microorganisms on endogenous amino acid excretion values and determination digestibility feedstuff amino acids with caecectomized cockerels. (In farsi). Agricultural Sciences and Technology Journal, 15(2), 31-40
- Fernands, S.R., Zhang, Y. & Parsons, C.M. (1995).Dietary formulation with cottonseed meal on a total amino acid versus a digestible amino acid basis. Poultry Science, 74, 1168-1179.
- Golian, A., Muc, H. & Campbell, L.D. (2004). True amino acid digestibility rooster bioassay methodology: Type of endogenous correction and ingredient protein level. Department of animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 Canada.
- Johnson, M.L., Parsons, C.M., Fahey, C.G., Merchenand, J.N.R. & Aldrich, C.G. (1998). Effect of species raw material source, ash content and processing temperature on amino acid digestibility of animal by product meal by cecectomized roosters and cannulated dogs. Journal of Animal Science, 76, 1112-1122.
- Johnson, D.C., Low, C.K. & James, K.A.S. (1986). Comparison of amino acid digestibility using ileal digesta from growing chickens and cannulated adult cockerels. British Poultry Science, 27, 679-685.
- Just, A., Ferandez, J.A. & Jorgensen, H. (1982). The value of meat and bone meal for pigs. Beret.Statens Husdyrbrugsfors. 525: 52. In: Karakas, P., H. A. J. Versteegh, Y. V. D. Honing, J. Kogut, and A. W. Jongboloed, 2001. Nutritive value of the meat and bone meal from cattle or pig in broiler diets.Poultry Science, 80, 1180-1189.
- Kim, E.J., Utterback, P.L., Applegate, T.J. & Parsons, C.M. (2011).Comparison of amino acid digestibility of feedstuffs determined with the precision-fed cecectomized rooster assay and the standardized ileal amino acid digestibility assay. Poultry Science, 90, 2511-2519
- Karakas, P., Versreegh, H.A.J., Honing, Y.V.D., Kogut, J. & Jongboloed, A.W. (2001). Nutritive value of the meat and bone meal from cattle or pig in broiler diets. Poultry Science, 80, 1180-1189.
- Michel, W.D. & Parsons, C.M. (1999). Dietary formulation with rendered spent hen meal on a total amino acid versus a digestible amino acid basis. Poultry Science, 78, 556-560.
- National Reasearch Council. (1994). Nutrient requirements of poultry. 9th Rev Ed. National Academy Press Washington Dc.27-34
- Parsons, C.M., Castanon, F. & Han, Y. (1997). Protein and amino acid quality of meat and bone meal. Poultry Science, 76, 361-368.
- Parsons, C.M. (1985a). Amino acid availability in feedstuffs for poultry and swine. In: Baker, D.H., Parsons, C.M. (Eds.). Recent advances in amino acid nutrition. Tokyo: Ajinomoto Co, P, 35-47.
- Parsons, C.M. (1985b). Influence of caecectomy on digestibility of amino acids by roosters fed distillers dried grains with solubles. Journal of Agriculture Science Cambridge, 104, 469-472.
- Parsons, C.M. (1986). Determination of digestible and available amino acids in meat mael using conventional and caecectomaized cockerels or chick growth assays. British Poultry Science, 56, 227-240.
- Perttilia, S., Valaja, J., Partanen, K., Jalava, T. & Venalainen, E. (2002). Apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in protein feedstuffs and diet formulation based on total versus digestible lysine for poultry. Animal Feed Science Technology, 98, 203-218.
- Ravindran, V., Hew, LI.,Ravindran, G. & Bryden, W.L. (1999). A comparison of ileal digesta and excreta analysis for determination of amino acid digestibility in food ingredients for poultry. British Poultry Science, 40, 266-274.
- Rostagno, H.S., Pupa, J. M. R. & Pack, M. (1995). Diet formulation for broilers based on total versus digestible amino acids. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 4, 239-299.
- Salter, D.N. & Fulford, R.J. (1974).The influence of gut microflora on the digestion of dietary and endogenous protein: Studies of the amino acid composition of the excreta of germ free and conventional chicks. British Journal of Nutrition, 32, 625-637.
- Sirivan, P., Bryden, W.L., Mollah, Y. & Annison, E.F. (1993). Measurement endogenous and amino acid losses in poultry. British Poultry Science, 34, 939-949.
- Shirley, R.B. & Parsons, C.M. (2001).Effect of ash content on protein quality of meat and bone meal. Poultry Science, 80, 626-632.
- Sibbald, IR. (1989). Metabolizable energy evaluation of poultry diets. In: D.J.A. Cole and W. Haresign, Recent development in poultry nutrition. Butter worths, London, U.K, 12-26.
- Sibbald, IR. (1986). The TME system of feeding evaluation. Research branch contribution 85-19.Animal research center, Agriculture Canada.
- Sibbald, IR. (1979).A bioassay for available amino acid and true metabolizable energy in feedstuffs. Poultry Science, 58, 668-675.
- Sirivan, P., Bryden, W.L. & Annison, E.F. (1994). Use of guanidinated dietary protein to measure losses of endogenous amino acid in poultry. British Journal of Nutrition, 71, 515-529.
- Soares, J.H., Miller, D., Fitz, N. & Sanders, M. (1971). Some factors affecting the biological availability of amino acid in fish protein. Poultry Science, 50, 1134-1143.
- Zaghari, M., Shivazad, M. & Nickhah, A. (2007). Formulation of diets containing cotton seed meal based on amino acids digestibility and total amino acid on broiler performance. Iranian Journal of Agriculture science, 37(4), 313-322. (In Farsi)
- Yamazaki, M. (1983). A comparision of two metod in determining of amino acid availability of feed ingredients.In: D Mello, J.P.F. (1994). Amino acid in farm animal nutrition. Cab international. Wallingford, UK.185-205.
- Wang, X. & Parson, C.M. (1998). Dietary formulation with meat and of bone meal on a total versus a digestible or bioavailable amino acid basis. Poultry Science, 77, 1010-1015.